• Publications
  • Influence
"Giving Body" to Embryos: Modeling, Mechanism, and the Microtome in Late Nineteenth-Century Anatomy
Recovering the wax models made by the anatomist Wilhelm His in the late 1860s offers a fresh perspective on the transformation of a central science of animal life and enriches the understanding of the relations between representation in two dimensions and three.
Haeckel's Embryos: Images, Evolution, and Fraud
Pictures from the past powerfully shape current views of the world. In books, television programs, and websites, new images appear alongside others that have survived from decades ago. Among the most
Biology takes form: animal morphology and the German universities
  • N. Hopwood
  • Biology, Computer Science
    Medical History
  • 1 January 1997
Producing Development: The Anatomy of Human Embryos and the Norms of Wilhelm His
  • N. Hopwood
  • Medicine, Philosophy
    Bulletin of the history of medicine
  • 1 March 2000
L'auteur montre de quelle maniere His reforma cette discipline and etablit les fondements de l'embryologie moderne.
A history of normal plates, tables and stages in vertebrate embryology.
  • N. Hopwood
  • Biology
    The International journal of developmental…
  • 2007
The article highlights the Normal Plates of the Development of the Vertebrates edited by the German anatomist Franz Keibel, a major response to problems in the relations between ontogeny and phylogeny that amounted in practical terms to a crisis in staging embryos.
Why the Medical Research Council refused Robert Edwards and Patrick Steptoe support for research on human conception in 1971.
An archive-based analysis of the MRC decision to reject long-term support for human conception research enriches the view of a crucial decision, highlights institutional opportunities and constraints and provides insight into the then dominant attitudes of reproductive scientists and clinicians towards human conceptionResearch.
Pictures of Evolution and Charges of Fraud
This essay exploits previously unused manuscripts to reconstruct the drawing, printing, and publishing of the illustrations that attracted the first and most influential attack, compares these procedures to standard practice, and highlights their originality.
Approaches and species in the history of vertebrate embryology.
Embryology has transformed them even as they have profoundly shaped the science, and decisions about species have depended on research questions, biological properties, supply lines, and, not least, on methods.
Visual Standards and Disciplinary Change: Normal Plates, Tables and Stages in Embryology
The rise over the last two centuries of normal tables and the related normal plates and stages is reconstructed, and the relations between visual standards and disciplinary change are reflected on.
Embryos in Wax: Models from the Ziegler Studio
Embryos in Wax: Models from the Ziegler Studio [6], is a history of embryo wax modeling written by science historian Nick Hopwood [5]. Published by the Whipple Museum of the History of Science