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Quantifying biodiversity: procedures and pitfalls in the measurement and comparison of species richness
Species richness is a fundamental measurement of community and regional diversity, and it underlies many ecological models and conservation strategies. In spite of its importance, ecologists have notExpand
Null model analysis of species co-occurrence patterns
The analysis of presence-absence matrices with ''null model'' randomization tests has been a major source of controversy in community ecology for over two decades. In this paper, I systematicallyExpand
Models and estimators linking individual-based and sample-based rarefaction, extrapolation and comparison of assemblages
Aims In ecology and conservation biology, the number of species counted in a biodiversity study is a key metric but is usually a biased underestimate of total species richness because many rareExpand
NULL MODELS IN ECOLOGY
A Primer of Ecological Statistics
TLDR
PART I: FUNDAMENTALS OF PROBABILITY AND STATISTICAL THINKING.- Probability: An Introduction to Probability .- Random Variables and Probability Distributions .- Summary Statistics: Measures of Location and Spread .- Framing and Testing Hypotheses .- Three Frameworks for Statistical Analysis .- PART II: DESIGNING EXPERIMENTS.- Designing Successful Field Studies. Expand
Rarefaction and extrapolation with Hill numbers: a framework for sampling and estimation in species diversity studies
Quantifying and assessing changes in biological diversity are central aspects of many ecological studies, yet accurate methods of estimating biological diversity from sampling data have been elusive.Expand
SPECIES CO‐OCCURRENCE: A META‐ANALYSIS OF J. M. DIAMOND'S ASSEMBLY RULES MODEL
J. M. Diamond's assembly rules model predicts that competitive interactions between species lead to nonrandom co-occurrence patterns. We conducted a meta-analysis of 96 published presence–absenceExpand
The Mid‐Domain Effect and Species Richness Patterns:What Have We Learned So Far?
If species' ranges are randomly shuffled within a bounded geographical domain free of environmental gradients, ranges overlap increasingly toward the center of the domain, creating a “mid‐domain”Expand
A consumer's guide to nestedness analysis
Nestedness analysis has become increasingly popular in the study of biogeographic patterns of species occurrence. Nested patterns are those in which the species composition of small assemblages is aExpand
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