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DC-STAMP is essential for cell–cell fusion in osteoclasts and foreign body giant cells
Osteoclasts are bone-resorbing cells that play a pivotal role in bone remodeling. Osteoclasts form large multinuclear giant cells by fusion of mononuclear osteoclasts. How cell fusion is mediated,Expand
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Ambidextrous transcriptional activation by SoxS: requirement for the C‐terminal domain of the RNA polymerase alpha subunit in a subset of Escherichia coli superoxide‐inducible genes
Purified MalE–SoxS fusion protein specifically stimulated in vitro transcription of the Escherichia colizwffprfumCmicFnfo, and sodA genes, indicating that activation of the superoxide regulonExpand
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Induction of DC‐STAMP by Alternative Activation and Downstream Signaling Mechanisms
DC‐STAMP is essential for fusion of osteoclasts and foreign body giant cells; however, it is not known whether dc‐stamp expression in these two cell types is differentially regulated. Here, we showExpand
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Whole genome sequence of Desulfovibrio magneticus strain RS-1 revealed common gene clusters in magnetotactic bacteria.
Magnetotactic bacteria are ubiquitous microorganisms that synthesize intracellular magnetite particles (magnetosomes) by accumulating Fe ions from aquatic environments. Recent molecular studies,Expand
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Alveolar echinococcosis: MR findings in the liver.
PURPOSE To clarify the magnetic resonance (MR) imaging findings of alveolar echinococcosis in the liver. MATERIALS AND METHODS Thirty-five patients with 50 lesions histologically proven to beExpand
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CD24 is expressed specifically in the nucleus pulposus of intervertebral discs.
Intervertebral disc (IVD) consists of a soft gelatinous material in its center, the nucleus pulposus (NP), bounded peripherally by fibrocartilage, annulus fibrosus (AF). Despite the number ofExpand
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Genomic Structure of an Economically Important Cyanobacterium, Arthrospira (Spirulina) platensis NIES-39
A filamentous non-N2-fixing cyanobacterium, Arthrospira (Spirulina) platensis, is an important organism for industrial applications and as a food supply. Almost the complete genome of A. platensisExpand
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Reactive oxygen species induce chondrocyte hypertrophy in endochondral ossification
Chondrocyte hypertrophy during endochondral ossification is a well-controlled process in which proliferating chondrocytes stop proliferating and differentiate into hypertrophic chondrocytes, whichExpand
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Genetic basis of the highly efficient yeast Kluyveromyces marxianus: complete genome sequence and transcriptome analyses
BackgroundHigh-temperature fermentation technology with thermotolerant microbes has been expected to reduce the cost of bioconversion of cellulosic biomass to fuels or chemicals. ThermotolerantExpand
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Excessive reactive oxygen species are therapeutic targets for intervertebral disc degeneration
IntroductionOxidative stress has been reported to be involved in numerous human diseases, including musculoskeletal disorders such as osteoarthritis. However, the interaction between intervertebralExpand
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