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Impacts of Biodiversity Loss Escalate Through Time as Redundancy Fades
Give It Time Experimental ecological studies in recent years have provided a great deal of insight into how species diversify and influence ecosystem properties, but in most cases the experimentsExpand
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Plant diversity effects on soil microorganisms support the singular hypothesis.
The global decline in biodiversity has generated concern over the consequences for ecosystem functioning and services. Although ecosystem functions driven by soil microorganisms such as plantExpand
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Plant diversity increases soil microbial activity and soil carbon storage.
Plant diversity strongly influences ecosystem functions and services, such as soil carbon storage. However, the mechanisms underlying the positive plant diversity effects on soil carbon storage areExpand
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Biodiversity enhances ecosystem multifunctionality across trophic levels and habitats
The importance of biodiversity for the integrated functioning of ecosystems remains unclear because most evidence comes from analyses of biodiversity's effect on individual functions. Here we showExpand
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Bottom-up effects of plant diversity on multitrophic interactions in a biodiversity experiment
Biodiversity is rapidly declining, and this may negatively affect ecosystem processes, including economically important ecosystem services. Previous studies have shown that biodiversity has positiveExpand
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Invasion of a deciduous forest by earthworms : Changes in soil chemistry, microflora, microarthropods and vegetation
Abstract Ecosystems of northern North America existed without earthworm fauna until European settlers arrived and introduced European species. The current extent of invasion by some of these species,Expand
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Biodiversity increases the resistance of ecosystem productivity to climate extremes
It remains unclear whether biodiversity buffers ecosystems against climate extremes, which are becoming increasingly frequent worldwide. Early results suggested that the ecosystem productivity ofExpand
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Global change belowground: impacts of elevated CO2, nitrogen, and summer drought on soil food webs and biodiversity
The world's ecosystems are subjected to various anthropogenic global change agents, such as enrichment of atmospheric CO2 concentrations, nitrogen (N) deposition, and changes in precipitationExpand
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Mechanisms linking plant community properties to soil aggregate stability in an experimental grassland plant diversity gradient
Background and aimsSoil aggregate stability depends on plant community properties, such as functional group composition, diversity and biomass production. However, little is known about the relativeExpand
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Using earthworms as model organisms in the laboratory: Recommendations for experimental implementations
Earthworms are used in an increasing number of microcosm experiments that investigate their behaviour and biology or that consider earthworms an environmental factor that influences soil propertiesExpand
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