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Does Rejection Hurt? An fMRI Study of Social Exclusion
TLDR
A neuroimaging study examined the neural correlates of social exclusion and tested the hypothesis that the brain bases of social pain are similar to those of physical pain, suggesting that RVPFC regulates the distress of socialclusion by disrupting ACC activity.
Neural correlates of social exclusion during adolescence: understanding the distress of peer rejection.
TLDR
Findings unique to adolescents indicated that activity in the subgenual anterior cingulate cortex (subACC) related to greater distress, and thatActivity in the ventral striatum related to less distress and appeared to play a role in regulating activity inThe subACC and other regions involved in emotional distress.
The pain of social disconnection: examining the shared neural underpinnings of physical and social pain
TLDR
Emerging evidence suggests that experiences of social pain — the painful feelings associated with social disconnection — rely on some of the same neurobiological substrates that underlie experiences of physical pain.
Putting Feelings Into Words
TLDR
The results suggest that affect labeling may diminish emotional reactivity along a pathway from RVLPFC to MPFC to the amygdala, which is mediated by activity in medial prefrontal cortex.
Neural Correlates of Dispositional Mindfulness During Affect Labeling
Objective: Mindfulness is a process whereby one is aware and receptive to present moment experiences. Although mindfulness-enhancing interventions reduce pathological mental and physical health
Attachment figures activate a safety signal-related neural region and reduce pain experience
TLDR
Findings suggest that attachment figures, who have historically benefited survival, may serve as prepared safety stimuli, reducing threat- or distress-related responding in their presence, in the same way that stimuli that historically have threatened survival are considered to be prepared fear stimuli.
An fMRI investigation of race-related amygdala activity in African-American and Caucasian-American individuals
TLDR
Both African- American and Caucasian-American individuals showed greater amygdala activity to African-American targets than to Caucasian- American targets, suggesting that race-related amygdala activity may result from cultural learning rather than from the novelty of other races.
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