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Decision-making deficits, linked to a dysfunctional ventromedial prefrontal cortex, revealed in alcohol and stimulant abusers
A decision-making instrument known as the "gambling task" was used, which has been shown to be sensitive to the decision-making impairment of patients with bilateral lesions of the ventromedialExpand
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Exploring the neurological substrate of emotional and social intelligence.
The somatic marker hypothesis posits that deficits in emotional signalling (somatic states) lead to poor judgment in decision-making, especially in the personal and social realms. Similar to thisExpand
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Economic Games Quantify Diminished Sense of Guilt in Patients with Damage to the Prefrontal Cortex
Damage to the ventromedial prefrontal cortex (VMPFC) impairs concern for other people, as reflected in the dysfunctional real-life social behavior of patients with such damage, as well as theirExpand
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The ability to decide advantageously declines prematurely in some normal older persons
The prefrontal region of the brain, including the ventromedial sector which supports reasoning and decision-making, may undergo disproportionate aging in some older persons, but the empiricalExpand
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Adult norms for the Rey-Osterrieth Complex Figure Test and for supplemental recognition and matching trials from the Extended Complex Figure Test.
The Rey-Osterrieth Complex Figure Test ("the Rey"; Osterrieth, 1944; Rey, 1941) has accumulated a considerable literature as a test of visual-spatial perception/construction and memory. The ExtendedExpand
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Asymmetric Functional Roles of Right and Left Ventromedial Prefrontal Cortices in Social Conduct, Decision-Making, and Emotional Processing
The aim of this study was to begin to parse the relative contributions of the right and left ventromedial prefrontal cortices (VMPC) in regard to social conduct, decision-making, and emotionalExpand
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Network measures predict neuropsychological outcome after brain injury
Significance Thought depends on the brain, and cognitive neuroscience has shown that different sets of brain regions (systems) support different cognitive abilities. We hypothesized that complexExpand
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The Orbitofrontal Cortex, Real‐World Decision Making, and Normal Aging
Abstract:  The present series of three studies aims at investigating the hypothesis that some seemingly normal older persons have deficits in reasoning and decision making due to dysfunction in aExpand
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Evidence for preserved emotional memory in normal older persons.
Emotion has been shown to have a modulatory effect on declarative memory. Normal aging is associated with a decline in declarative memory, but whether aging might affect the influence of emotion onExpand
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The amygdala's role in long-term declarative memory for gist and detail.
In humans, the emotional nature of stimuli appears to have a complex influence on long-term declarative memory for those stimuli: Whereas emotion enhances memory for gist, it may suppress memory forExpand
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