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The genetic history of Ice Age Europe
Modern humans arrived in Europe ~45,000 years ago, but little is known about their genetic composition before the start of farming ~8,500 years ago. We analyze genome-wide data from 51 Eurasians from…
The timing and spatiotemporal patterning of Neanderthal disappearance
Improved accelerator mass spectrometry 14C techniques are applied to construct robust chronologies from 40 key Mousterian and Neanderthal archaeological sites, showing that there was ample time for the transmission of cultural and symbolic behaviours, as well as possible genetic exchanges, between the two groups.
Radiocarbon dating the appearance of modern humans and timing of cultural innovations in Europe: new results and new challenges.
Lack of phylogeography in European mammals before the last glaciation.
- M. Hofreiter, D. Serre, S. Pääbo
- Biology, Environmental ScienceProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences…
- 31 August 2004
It is suggested that at the beginning of the last glacial maximum, little phylogeographic patterns existed in European mammals over most of their geographical ranges and that current phyloGeographic patterns are transient relics of thelast glaciation.
Τesting models for the beginnings of the Aurignacian and the advent of figurative art and music: the radiocarbon chronology of Geißenklösterle.
Emergence of Agriculture in the Foothills of the Zagros Mountains of Iran
High stratigraphic resolution and rich archaeological remains at the aceramic Neolithic site of Chogha Golan reveal a sequence ranging over 2200 years of cultivation of wild plants and the first appearance of domesticated-type species.
Bedding, hearths, and site maintenance in the Middle Stone Age of Sibudu Cave, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa
Micromorphological analysis of sediments from the Middle Stone Age site of Sibudu Cave, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, provides a high-resolution sequence and evidence of site formation processes of…
The Genomic History of Southeastern Europe
It is shown that southeastern Europe continued to be a nexus between east and west after the arrival of farmers, with intermittent genetic contact with steppe populations occurring up to 2,000 years earlier than the migrations from the steppe that ultimately replaced much of the population of northern Europe.
New flutes document the earliest musical tradition in southwestern Germany
The discovery of bone and ivory flutes from the early Aurignacian period of southwestern Germany demonstrate the presence of a well-established musical tradition at the time when modern humans colonized Europe, more than 35,000 calendar years ago.
A female figurine from the basal Aurignacian of Hohle Fels Cave in southwestern Germany
- N. Conard
- Environmental Science, GeographyNature
- 14 May 2009
The discovery of a female mammoth-ivory figurine in the basal Aurignacian deposit at Hohle Fels Cave in the Swabian Jura of southwestern Germany during excavations in 2008 is reported, making it one of the oldest known examples of figurative art.