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Propagation in multicomponent plasmas
A simple concise formulation of the problem of propagation in multicomponent plasmas with static magnetic fields is given. Application to plasmas, such as the ionosphere, containing electrons andExpand
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Bulk motion of the magnetosphere
Fast magnetic field-line merging at the magnetospheric bow and in the tail are examined to determine their implications in regard to the concept of bulk motion of the magnetosphere (convection) andExpand
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Ion cyclotron whistlers
An experimental study of the proton whistler, a new VLF phenomenon observed in satellite data, is presented, and an explanation of this new effect is given. The proton whistler appears on aExpand
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Jupiter's radiation belts
Abstract A model for the production and loss of energetic electrons in Jupiter's radiation belt is presented. It is postulated that the electrons originate in the solar wind and are diffused inExpand
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The magnetospheres of Jupiter and Earth
Abstract The magnetic fields of Earth and Jupiter carve cavities out of the solar wind, which in turn influences the dynamics and structure within the magnetospheres of these planets. From aExpand
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Changes in Van Allen radiation associated with polar substorms
Previous work has shown that precipitation of energetic electrons at auroral-zone latitudes shows two maxima, one just before midnight for soft (low-energy) electrons associated with substorms andExpand
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The general pattern of auroral particle precipitation
Abstract Gross statistical data on optical- and radio-auroral phenomena are examined to establish the latitude-versus-time pattern for the causal particle precipitation. Although these phenomena mayExpand
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Influence of magnetospheric convection and polar wind on loss of electrons from the outer radiation belt
It is suggested that the principal loss of energetic electrons from the outer Van Allen belt occurs in the morning hours from violation of the quasi-stable trapping limit. During disturbed times whenExpand
  • 109
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ION TEMPERATURE IN THE IONOSPHERE OBTAINED FROM CYCLOTRON DAMPING OF PROTON WHISTLERS
In this paper we discuss a method of determining ion temperature in the ionosphere from cyclotron damping of proton whistlers. These whistlers are dispersed forms of lightning impulses, observed byExpand
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Artificially stimulated very‐low‐frequency radiation from the ionosphere
In the course of experimental studies of whistlers and related ionospheric effects conducted by Stanford University, a new phenomenon has been discovered. It is the triggering of VLF emissions in theExpand
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