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Critical interlayer thickness for transient liquid phase bonding in the Cu–Sn system
The study focuses on the critical interlayer thickness for averting pore formation during transient liquid phase (TLP) bonding in the Cu–Sn system. Such pores are a consequence of the growth andExpand
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Evaluation of High-Temperature Exposure of Photovoltaic Modules
Photovoltaic (PV) modules operate at temperatures above ambient owing to the thermal energy of sunlight. The operating temperature primarily depends on the ambient temperature, incident sunlight,Expand
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Climate specific thermomechanical fatigue of flat plate photovoltaic module solder joints
Abstract FEM simulations of PbSn solder fatigue damage are used to evaluate seven cities that represent a variety of climatic zones. It is shown that the rate of solder fatigue damage is not rankedExpand
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Test-to-Failure of crystalline silicon modules
Accelerated lifetime testing of five crystalline silicon module designs was carried out according to the Terrestrial Photovoltaic Module Accelerated Test-to-Failure Protocol. This protocol comparesExpand
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Reliability Concerns Associated with PV Technologies
1.0 Wafer Silicon 1.1 Cracked cells (bonding processes, strain, etc.) [1-4] 1.2 Solder joint or gridline interface failure (increased series resistance) [5] 1.3 Reduced adhesion leading to corrosionExpand
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Evaluation of high-temperature exposure of rack-mounted photovoltaic modules
Photovoltaic (PV) modules operate in an extreme environment and are exposed to radiation, humidity, and hot and cold thermal extremes. This paper focuses on polymeric-material degradation duringExpand
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The Influence of PV Module Materials and Design on Solder Joint Thermal Fatigue Durability
Finite element model (FEM) simulations have been performed to elucidate the effect of flat plate photovoltaic (PV) module materials and design on PbSn eutectic solder joint thermal fatigueExpand
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Development and first results of the width-tapered beam method for adhesion testing of photovoltaic material systems
A fracture mechanics based approach for quantifying adhesion at every interface within the PV module laminate is presented. The common requirements of monitoring crack length and specimen complianceExpand
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Modeling Thermal Fatigue in CPV Cell Assemblies
A finite-element (FEM) model has been created to quantify the thermal fatigue damage of the concentrating photovoltaic (CPV) die attach. Simulations are used to compare the results of empiricalExpand
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A framework for a comparative accelerated testing standard for PV modules
As the photovoltaic industry has grown, the interest in comparative accelerated testing has also grown. Private test labs offer testing services that apply greater stress than the standardExpand
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