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Ecological consequences of human niche construction: Examining long-term anthropogenic shaping of global species distributions
This work focuses on four major phases that witnessed broad anthropogenic alterations to biodiversity—the Late Pleistocene global human expansion, the Neolithic spread of agriculture, the era of island colonization, and the emergence of early urbanized societies and commercial networks. Expand
Across the Indian Ocean: the prehistoric movement of plants and animals
Here is a major research project that is peopling the Indian Ocean with prehistoric seafarers exchanging native crops and stock between Africa and India. Not the least exciting part of the work isExpand
Zebu cattle are an exclusive legacy of the South Asia neolithic.
Evidence from 844 zebu mitochondrial DNA sequences surveyed from 19 Asiatic countries comprising 8 regional groups is reported, which identify 2 distinct mitochondrial haplogroups, termed I1 and I2, which support the Indus Valley as the most likely center of origin for the I1 haplogroup and a primary center of zebe domestication. Expand
Out of Africa: new hypotheses and evidence for the dispersal of Homo sapiens along the Indian Ocean rim
It is suggested that modern humans were present in Arabia and South Asia earlier than currently believed, and probably coincident with the presence of Homo sapiens in the Levant between ca 130 and 70 000 years ago. Expand
East Africa and Madagascar in the Indian Ocean world
The Indian Ocean has long been a forum for contact, trade and the transfer of goods, technologies and ideas between geographically distant groups of people. Another, less studied, outcome ofExpand
The formation of human populations in South and Central Asia
It is shown that Steppe ancestry then integrated further south in the first half of the second millennium BCE, contributing up to 30% of the ancestry of modern groups in South Asia, supporting the idea that the archaeologically documented dispersal of domesticates was accompanied by the spread of people from multiple centers of domestication. Expand
Shell Middens, Ships and Seeds: Exploring Coastal Subsistence, Maritime Trade and the Dispersal of Domesticates in and Around the Ancient Arabian Peninsula
The Arabian Peninsula occupies a critical position at the intersect of several major Old World landmasses. Inland aridity and a major coastal perimeter have long made maritime activities critical toExpand
Involve social scientists in defining the Anthropocene
The causes of Earth's transition are human and social, write Erle Ellis and colleagues, so scholars from those disciplines must be included in its formalization.
Crops, cattle and commensals across the Indian Ocean. Current and Potential Archaeobiological Evidence
Les plantes cultivees, les mauvaises herbes, les bovins et les animaux commensaux ont tous ete transportes par l’action de l’homme a travers l’ocean Indien depuis les temps prehistoriques. Dans cetExpand
Ancient genomes reveal complex patterns of population movement, interaction, and replacement in sub-Saharan Africa
The contraction of diverse, once contiguous hunter-gatherer populations in sub-Saharan Africa is demonstrated, and the resistance to interaction with incoming pastoralists of delayed-return foragers in aquatic environments is suggested. Expand