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BCI2000: a general-purpose brain-computer interface (BCI) system
We have developed a documented general-purpose BCI research and development platform called BCI2000 that facilitates the implementation of different BCI systems for a variety of brain signals, processing methods, output devices, and applications. Expand
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A spelling device for the paralysed
When Jean-Dominique Bauby suffered from a cortico-subcortical stroke that led to complete paralysis with totally intact sensory and cognitive functions, he described his experience in The Diving-BellExpand
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Deficient fear conditioning in psychopathy: a functional magnetic resonance imaging study.
CONTEXT Psychopaths belong to a larger group of persons with antisocial personality disorder and are characterized by an inability to have emotional involvement and by the repeated violation of theExpand
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Breaking the silence: brain-computer interfaces (BCI) for communication and motor control.
  • N. Birbaumer
  • Medicine, Psychology
  • Psychophysiology
  • 1 November 2006
Brain-computer interfaces (BCI) allow control of computers or external devices with regulation of brain activity alone. Invasive BCIs, almost exclusively investigated in animal models using implantedExpand
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Brain–machine interface in chronic stroke rehabilitation: A controlled study
Chronic stroke patients with severe hand weakness respond poorly to rehabilitation efforts. Here, we evaluated efficacy of daily brain–machine interface (BMI) training to increase the hypothesizedExpand
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Think to Move: a Neuromagnetic Brain-Computer Interface (BCI) System for Chronic Stroke
Background and Purpose— Stroke is a leading cause of long-term motor disability among adults. Present rehabilitative interventions are largely unsuccessful in improving the most severe cases of motorExpand
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Brain–computer interfaces: communication and restoration of movement in paralysis
The review describes the status of brain–computer or brain–machine interface research. We focus on non‐invasive brain–computer interfaces (BCIs) and their clinical utility for direct brainExpand
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Brain-computer communication: unlocking the locked in.
With the increasing efficiency of life-support systems and better intensive care, more patients survive severe injuries of the brain and spinal cord. Many of these patients experience locked-inExpand
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The thought translation device (TTD) for completely paralyzed patients.
The thought translation device trains locked-in patients to self-regulate slow cortical potentials (SCP's) of their electroencephalogram (EEG). After operant learning of SCP self-control, patientsExpand
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Effects of Regional Anesthesia on Phantom Limb Pain Are Mirrored in Changes in Cortical Reorganization
The causes underlying phantom limb pain are still unknown. Recent studies on the consequences of nervous system damage in animals and humans reported substantial reorganization of primaryExpand
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