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Intramural haematoma of the thoracic aorta: who's to be alerted the cardiologist or the cardiac surgeon?
The pathophysiology, the symptomatology and the ways of diagnosis and treatment of a rather rare aortic disease called Intra-Mural Haematoma (IMH), which may progress to either outward rupture of the aorta or inward disruption of the intima layer, which ultimately results in aortIC dissection.
The cytoskeleton of the cardiac muscle cell.
A picture is presented that is analytical, as far as possible, but coherent and simplified, of how the parts of the cytoskeleton are structured and, finally, how they are integrated into a unique, effective and functional total.
Perioperative infusion of low- dose of vasopressin for prevention and management of vasodilatory vasoplegic syndrome in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting-A double-blind randomized
Low-dose of infused vasopressin during cardiopulmonary bypass and for the next 4 hours is beneficial for its postoperative hemodynamic profile, reduces the doses of requirements of catecholamines and contributes to prevention of the postcardiotomy vasoplegic shock in the patient with low ejection fraction who is receiving ACE preoperatively.
Pharmacologic prophylaxis for atrial fibrillation following cardiac surgery: a systematic review
Beta - blockers, have been proved to prevent effectively atrial fibrillation following cardiac surgery and should be routinely used if there are no contraindications, and sotalol may be more effective than standard b-blockers for the prevention of AF without causing an excess of side effects.
Patient-prosthesis mismatch and strategies to prevent it during aortic valve replacement.
Kolokotroni 4, Messatida 26500 Patras, Greece e-mail: ngbaik@yahoo.com
Strategies to prevent intraoperative lung injury during cardiopulmonary bypass
Reducing the use of cardiotomy suction device, as well as the contact-time between free blood and pericardium, it is expected that the postoperative lung function will be improved.
Surgical Strategies and Devices for Surgical Exclusion of the Left Atrial Appendage: A Word of Caution
The surgical aim is complete obliteration of the appendage without a significant increase in either postoperative complications (bleeding, arrhythmias, or recurrence) and the results are discussed.
Intensive care unit-related generalized neuromuscular weakness due to critical illness polyneuropathy/myopathy in critically ill patients
Either prevention or aggressive treatment of sepsis can prevent critical illness polyneuropathy and critical illness myopathy, and early mobilization via active exercise or electrical muscle stimulation plays a significant role in their prevention.