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Combining larval habitat quality and metapopulation structure – the key for successful management of pre-alpine Euphydryas aurinia colonies
This study aims to analyse larval habitat preferences and landscape level population structure of the threatened Marsh Fritillary butterfly, Euphydryas aurinia, and discusses implications for theExpand
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Sex role preferences, gender conflict and sperm trading in simultaneous hermaphrodites: a new framework
A key issue in the study of the behaviour of copulating simultaneous hermaphrodites concerns the decision about which sexual role to adopt in a mating encounter. If two mates share a preference toExpand
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Functions, diversity, and evolution of traumatic mating
Copulation can involve the wounding of the mating partner by specialised devices. This type of mating, which we term traumatic mating, has been regarded as exceptional. Its prevalence, however, hasExpand
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Darwinian sex roles confirmed across the animal kingdom
Consistent with Darwin’s ideas, this meta-analysis reveals that males experience stronger sexual selection than females. Since Darwin’s conception of sexual selection theory, scientists haveExpand
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Red fluorescence in reef fish: A novel signalling mechanism?
BackgroundAt depths below 10 m, reefs are dominated by blue-green light because seawater selectively absorbs the longer, 'red' wavelengths beyond 600 nm from the downwelling sunlight. Consequently,Expand
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Mate choice and reproductive conflict in simultaneous hermaphrodites
Simultaneous hermaphroditism defines sexual systems in which animals display male and female sex at the same time. Given that each individual now inherently expresses the ‘interests’ of both sexes,Expand
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Bateman Gradients in Hermaphrodites: An Extended Approach to Quantify Sexual Selection
Sexual selection is often quantified using Bateman gradients, which represent sex‐specific regression slopes of reproductive success on mating success and thus describe the expected fitness returnsExpand
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Hermaphrodite sex role preferences: the role of partner body size, mating history and female fitness in the sea slug Chelidonura sandrana
Costs and benefits associated with matings and the effects of mating frequency on fitness commonly differ between the sexes. As a result, outcrossing simultaneous hermaphrodites may prefer toExpand
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The Duke of Burgundy butterfly and its dukedom: larval niche variation in Hamearis lucina across Central Europe
In order to improve our understanding of habitat preferences and optimal management of open woodland insects, we analyse patch occupancy and oviposition electivity of the endangered Duke of BurgundyExpand
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Measuring and interpreting sexual selection metrics: evaluation and guidelines
(1) Routine assessments of overall sexual selection, including comparisons of its direction and intensity between sexes or species, rely on summary metrics that capture the essence of sexualExpand
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