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The ecological validity of tests of executive function.
TLDR
The extent to which the tests predicted the patients' everyday life problems was significantly predictive of at least some of the behavioral and cognitive deficits reported by patients' carers, supporting the conclusions that different tests measure different cognitive processes and that there may be limits to the fractionation of the executive system.
The case for the development and use of “ecologically valid” measures of executive function in experimental and clinical neuropsychology
TLDR
This article considers the scientific process whereby new and better clinical tests of executive function might be developed, and what form they might take, and considers as an alternative approach a function-led development programme which in principle could yield tasks better suited to the concerns of the clinician because of the transparency afforded by increased “representativeness” and “generalisability.
Ecological validity of a simplified version of the multiple errands shopping test.
TLDR
The results demonstrate the clinical utility of the test, and suggest that there are two common and independent sources of failure on multitasking tests in a general neurological population: memory dysfunction, and initiation problems.
Development of a simplified version of the multiple errands test for use in hospital settings
Problems with executive functioning may have catastrophic consequences following brain injury. Valid neuropsychological assessment procedures are required if the nature and extent of these are to be
Contemporary approaches to the management of irritability and aggression following traumatic brain injury
  • N. Alderman
  • Psychology, Medicine
    Neuropsychological rehabilitation
  • 1 January 2003
TLDR
Three principal management approaches are described and appraised, these being pharmacology, psychotherapy, and behaviour therapy, with special mention made with regard to use of cognitive behaviour therapy.
Self-esteem as a predictor of psychological distress after severe acquired brain injury: An exploratory study
TLDR
The paradoxical finding that survivors who were more impaired cognitively and/or less aware of their deficits reported higher self-esteem poses an ethical dilemma for clinicians is posed.
Use of a modified version of the Overt Aggression Scale in the measurement and assessment of aggressive behaviours following brain injury.
TLDR
The Overt Aggression Scale has been modified by increasing the range of interventions to reflect current practice in neurorehabilitation, and by changing the language to make it suitable for UK users to make the scale useful in behavioural analysis.
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