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Protein kinase C (PKC) plays a crucial role(s) in regulation of growth and differentiation of cells. In the present study, we examined possible roles of the alpha, delta, eta, and zeta isoforms of PKC in squamous differentiation by overexpressing these genes in normal human keratinocytes. Because of the difficulty of introducing foreign genes into(More)
The overexpression of reduced expression in immortalized cells (REIC)/Dickkopf-3 (Dkk-3), a tumor suppressor gene, induced apoptosis in human prostatic and testicular cancer cells. The aim of this study is to examine the potential of REIC/Dkk-3 as a therapeutic target against breast cancer. First, the in vitro apoptotic effect of Ad-REIC treatment was(More)
Embryonic mouse skin undergoes a drastic morphological change from 13 to 16 gestational days, i.e., formation of rudiments of hair follicles and stratification and cornification of interfollicular epidermis. To investigate underlying molecular mechanisms of the morphogenesis, we established an organ culture system that allows skin tissues isolated from(More)
A cDNA named calmin of approximately 3.2 kb was isolated by RNA differential display applied to developing mouse skin. Calmin cDNA encodes 1021 amino acids with two calponin homology (CH) domains in tandem on the N-terminal side and a transmembrane domain on the C-terminal side. The region covering the CH domains showed a high level of homology with(More)
We had previously reported that REIC/Dkk-3, a member of the Dickkopf (Dkk) gene family, works as a tumor suppressor. In this study, we evaluated the therapeutic effects of an intratumoral injection with adenoviral vector encoding REIC/Dkk-3 gene (Ad-REIC) using an orthotopic mouse prostate cancer model of RM-9 cells. We also investigated the in vivo(More)
We found that dimethyl-sulfoxide (DMSO) at concentrations of 2.5% induced apoptosis in SV40-immortalized human keratinocytes, while normal keratinocytes were arrested at the boundary of G1/S phase under the same conditions. DMSO-induced apoptosis in SV-40 immortalized keratinocytes was not associated with change in phosphorylated state of the retinoblastoma(More)
We have isolated a hair-follicle-specific gene, termed hacl-1, from a cDNA library of ICR mouse skin. Hacl-1 is expressed specifically in skin, and its mRNA level is correlated with the active state of hair follicles in developmental and regenerative processes of hair. Its mRNA is approximately 1 kilobase pairs (kb). Its cDNA was completely co-linear with(More)
Activity of protein kinase C (PKC) depends on the interaction with polar head-groups of two membrane lipids, i.e., phosphatidylserine and diacylglycerol. We demonstrated that cholesterol metabolism is directly involved in activation of the eta isoform of protein kinase C (PKCeta), which is predominantly expressed in epithelial tissues in close association(More)
A final event in the terminal differentiation of stratified squamous epithelia is the formation of a cornified cell envelope, which is a complex of several proteins cross-linked together by transglutaminases. One set of proteins is the family of small proline rich (SPR) proteins. In human foreskin epidermal cell envelopes, SPRs serve as cross-bridging(More)
A radioimmunoassay using monoclonal antibodies (MAb) against 0(6)-medGuo and 0(6)-etdGuo enabled the presence of these DNA adducts to be detected in human tissues. With this methodology and with 1 mg of hydrolysed DNA it is possible to detect approximately 25 fmol 0(6)-medGuo or 12.5 fmol 0(6)-etdGuo per mg DNA. The analysis comprised a total of 37 human(More)