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1. The interaction of L-cysteine with three excitatory amino acid transporter subtypes cloned from human brain (EAAT1-3) was examined by measuring transporter-mediated electrical currents and radiolabelled amino acid flux in voltage-clamped Xenopus oocytes expressing the transporters. 2. L-Cysteine was transported by the neuronal subtype EAAT3 (EAAC1) with(More)
The ubiquitous transport activity known as system ASC is characterized by a preference for small neutral amino acids including alanine, serine, and cysteine. ASCT-1 and ASCT-2, recently cloned transporters exhibiting system ASC-like selectivity, are members of a major amino acid transporter family that includes a number of glutamate transporters. Here we(More)
Within the mammalian central nervous system, the efficient removal of L-glutamate from the extracellular space by excitatory amino acid transporters (EAATs) has been postulated to contribute to signal termination, the recycling of transmitter, and the maintenance of L-glutamate at concentrations below those that are excitotoxic. The development of potent(More)
Arachidonic acid has been proposed to be a messenger molecule released following synaptic activation of glutamate receptors and during ischemia. Here we demonstrate that micromolar levels of arachidonic acid inhibit glutamate uptake mediated by EAAT1, a human excitatory amino acid transporter widely expressed in brain and cerebellum, by reducing the maximal(More)
Glutamate transporters maintain low synaptic concentrations of neurotransmitter by coupling uptake to flux of other ions. After cotransport of glutamic acid with Na+, the cycle is completed by countertransport of K+. We have identified an amino acid residue (glutamate 404) influencing ion coupling in a domain of the transporter implicated previously in(More)
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