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We have previously demonstrated that the total saponins of Astragalus membranaceus (AST) possess potential anti-tumorigenic effects in human colon cancer cells and tumor xenografts. In the present study, the proapoptotic effects of AST were investigated in native and cytokine-induced HT-29 cells to further unveil its mechanism of action. Growth-inhibitory(More)
The ChEMBL database was mined to efficiently assemble an ion channel-focused screening library. The compiled library consists of 3241 compounds representing 123 templates across nine ion channel categories. Compounds in the screening library are annotated with their respective ion channel category to facilitate back-tracing of prospective molecular targets(More)
Conservative techniques for improving the appearance of discolored teeth have become popular in the past decade. These include: in-office bleaching with 30% hydrogen peroxide, which is applied on etched enamel with a gauze pad and then exposed to a bleaching light; home bleaching with a mild form of peroxide, such as 10% carbamide peroxide, which is applied(More)
Secondary caries formation around restorations is a major cause for their replacement. This in vitro study assessed the capacity of various restorative materials to to resist caries attack. An acidified gel technique was used to produce carieslike lesions around the restored teeth. Assessment of the occurrence and extension of carious lesions was performed(More)
We report the discovery of N-substituted 4-(pyridin-2-yl)thiazole-2-amine derivatives and their subsequent optimization, guided by structure-based design, to give 8-(1H-pyrazol-3-yl)pyrido[3,4-d]pyrimidin-4(3H)-ones, a series of potent JmjC histone N-methyl lysine demethylase (KDM) inhibitors which bind to Fe(II) in the active site. Substitution from C4 of(More)
The efficiency of automated compound screening is heavily influenced by the design and the quality of the screening libraries used. We recently reported on the assembly of one diverse and one target-focused lead-like screening library. Using data from 15 enzyme-based screenings conducted using these libraries, their performance was investigated. Both(More)
β-Secretase (BACE1), the enzyme responsible for the first and rate-limiting step in the production of amyloid-β peptides, is an attractive target for the treatment of Alzheimer's disease. In this study, we report the application of the de novo fragment-based molecular design program SPROUT to the discovery of a series of nonpeptide BACE1 inhibitors based(More)
Establishing structure-activity relationships (SARs) in hit identification during early stage drug discovery is important in accelerating hit confirmation and expansion. We describe the development of EnCore, a systematic molecular scaffold enumeration protocol using single atom mutations, to enhance the application of objective scaffold definitions and to(More)
1. We have previously described C8-substituted pyrido[3,4-d]pyrimidin-4(3H)-one derivatives as cell permeable inhibitors of the KDM4 and KDM5 subfamilies of JmjC histone lysine demethylases. 2. Although exemplar compound 1 exhibited moderate clearance in mouse liver microsomes, it was highly cleared in vivo due to metabolism by aldehyde oxidase (AO).(More)
Analyzing the chemical space coverage in commercial fragment screening collections revealed the overlap between bioactive medicinal chemistry substructures and rule-of-three compliant fragments is only ∼25%. We recommend including these fragments in fragment screening libraries to maximize confidence in discovering hit matter within known bioactive chemical(More)