N. Yamanouchi

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PURPOSE To examine the brain damage of solvent abusers in Japan, where pure industrial toluene is frequently abused. METHODS Twenty solvent abusers 17 to 33 years of age with 7.2 +/- 4.0 years of abuse were examined with a 1.5-T MR imaging system. RESULTS White matter hyperintensities in cerebrum, brain stem, and cerebellum on T2-weighted images were(More)
Recently a relationship between serotonin transporter transcriptional control region (5-HTTLPR) polymorphism and anxiety related personality traits in Caucasians was reported. We performed PCR of DNAs from the blood for determining the 5-HTTLPR genotypes of 191 Japanese subjects, which were medical staff and students, and obtained Revised NEO Personality(More)
To investigate the functional connection of brain areas under motor inhibition, the event-related coherence (ERCoh) of the electroencephalogram (EEG) was calculated for 10 subjects who were asked to perform a visual discrimination (GO/NO-GO) task. The subjects were instructed to push (GO) or not to push (NO-GO) a micro-switch according to different visual(More)
OBJECTIVE To clarify how chronic solvent abuse affects cognitive function using magnetic resonance imaging as an index of brain damage. MATERIAL AND METHODS A total of 25 chronic solvent abusers underwent magnetic resonance imaging with quantitative neurometry and Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scales revised. RESULTS The abusers with white matter change(More)
To investigate the physiological role of visual gamma-band oscillation (GBO), we calculated the event-related dynamics of the EEG power-spectrum for paired visual stimuli (S1 and S2) with or without attention in 12 subjects. The visual stimuli elicited transient increases in the GBO power (around 40 Hz), which were maximal over the parietal area. The peak(More)
To investigate the gamma band activity relating to the discrimination process and motor behavior in the human brain, the event-related dynamics of the EEG spectrum was calculated during the visual GO/NOGO hand movement task and a control task (the visual element of the GO/NOGO task only) in eight subjects. The subjects were instructed to push (GO) or not to(More)
Event-related coherence of the EEG was calculated for 10 subjects performing a visual discrimination GO/NO-GO task. The subjects were instructed to push (GO) or not to push (NO-GO) a button according to visual stimuli. Twenty-one-channel scalp EEGs were recorded and the surface Laplacian was calculated using the source derivation method. The time courses of(More)
To determine brain functional abnormality in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients with psychiatric symptoms, we evaluated 12 active SLE patients with or without psychiatric symptoms by means of [18F]2-fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose positron emission tomography (PET), magnetic resonance imaging and neuropsychological testing. Patients with psychiatric(More)
This study aimed to reveal regional abnormalities of cerebral blood flow (CBF) and their relation to amotivational syndrome which causes poor social prognosis in solvent abusers Sixteen chronic solvent abusers (12 males and four females) along with five normal subjects underwent single photon emission computed tomography with(More)
PURPOSE To study the relationship between the MR findings and the clinical features in temporal lobe epilepsy in childhood (less than 10 years of age). METHODS MR studies were performed with a 1.5-T imager on 38 temporal lobe epilepsy patients receiving drug therapy at the psychiatric department. These patients were divided into two groups according to(More)