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Cutaneous granular glands are a shared character of adult amphibians, including caecilians, and are thought to be the source of most biologically active compounds in amphibian skin. Data are available from one or more species in over 100 of nearly 400 genera comprising the three living orders of Amphibia. Many species contain unidentified substances judged(More)
The chemical structure of prostaglandin X, the anti-aggregatory substance derived from prostaglandin endoperoxides, is 9-deoxy-6, 6alpha-epoxy-delta5-PGF1alpha. The stable compound formed when prostaglandin X undergoes a chemical transformation in biological systems in 6-keto-PGF1alpha. Prostaglandin X is stabilized in aqueous preparations by raising the pH(More)
Transgenic rats with the P23H mutation in rhodopsin exhibit increased susceptibility to light damage, compared with normal animals. It is known that light-induced retinal damage requires repetitive bleaching of rhodopsin and that photoreceptor cell loss is by apoptosis; however, the underlying molecular mechanism(s) leading to photoreceptor cell death are(More)
Two new polycyclic guanidine alkaloids, crambescidin 826 (1) and dehydrocrambine A (2), and the known compounds crambescidin 800 (3) and fromiamycalin (4) were isolated from the marine sponge Monanchora sp. The structures of 1 and 2 were elucidated by 2D NMR and mass spectrometry, and relative stereochemistry was established by analysis of coupling(More)
The interaction of DNA with crystalline silica in buffered aqueous solutions at physiologic pH has been investigated by Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR). In aqueous buffer, significant changes occur in the spectra of DNA and silica upon coincubation, suggesting that a DNA-silica complex forms as silica interacts with DNA. As compared to the(More)
The calcium influx inhibitor and cytostatic agent, 5-amino-1-1(4'-chlorobenzoyl-3,5-dichlorobenzyl)-1,2,3-triazole-4-carboxamide (CAI), is in phase I clinical trial for patients with refractory cancer. Additional chromatography peaks were observed during HPLC analysis of patient samples. Identification and characterization of physiological metabolites were(More)
A series of phenylcarbamate analogues of geneserine (8, 10, 12, 14) were synthesized from their counterparts, the phenylcarbamate analogues of physostigmine (2-5), by oxidation. The geneserine analogues can undergo tautomerism between N-oxide and 1,2-oxazine structures in a pH- and time-dependent manner. Assessment by (1)H NMR indicated that the N-oxide(More)
We describe a kinetic method for assay of serum or plasma triglycerides, by use of an enzymatic hydrolysis and reaction sequence already described [Clin. Chem. 19, 476 (1973)]. The reaction is triggered by addition of lipase, at a time when free glycerol, or pyruvate (or both) are no longer present. In this method, therefore, there is no need for a blank(More)