N. Whittaker

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Cutaneous granular glands are a shared character of adult amphibians, including caecilians, and are thought to be the source of most biologically active compounds in amphibian skin. Data are available from one or more species in over 100 of nearly 400 genera comprising the three living orders of Amphibia. Many species contain unidentified substances judged(More)
The chemical structure of prostaglandin X, the anti-aggregatory substance derived from prostaglandin endoperoxides, is 9-deoxy-6, 6alpha-epoxy-delta5-PGF1alpha. The stable compound formed when prostaglandin X undergoes a chemical transformation in biological systems in 6-keto-PGF1alpha. Prostaglandin X is stabilized in aqueous preparations by raising the pH(More)
Two new polycyclic guanidine alkaloids, crambescidin 826 (1) and dehydrocrambine A (2), and the known compounds crambescidin 800 (3) and fromiamycalin (4) were isolated from the marine sponge Monanchora sp. The structures of 1 and 2 were elucidated by 2D NMR and mass spectrometry, and relative stereochemistry was established by analysis of coupling(More)
The interaction of DNA with crystalline silica in buffered aqueous solutions at physiologic pH has been investigated by Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR). In aqueous buffer, significant changes occur in the spectra of DNA and silica upon coincubation, suggesting that a DNA-silica complex forms as silica interacts with DNA. As compared to the(More)
When yeast was grown in the presence of 10(-4) M 3 beta-(beta-dimethylaminoethoxy)-androst-5-en-17-one (DMAE-DHA), the compound 2,3;22,23-dioxidosqualene (DOS) accumulated. Total free sterol was reduced by about 30%, whereas almost no steryl esters were found. The same drug at lower concentration (3 x 10(-6) M) caused a slight increase in steryl ester(More)
Forty alkaloids were detected and characterized from skin extracts of high- and low-elevation populations of the poison frog Dendrobates histrionicus from northwestern Colombia. Combined gc/ms with NH3 or ND3 in a chemical ionization mode detected protonated parent ions and determined the number of exchangeable NH and OH hydrogens. Six previously unknown(More)
Transgenic rats with the P23H mutation in rhodopsin exhibit increased susceptibility to light damage, compared with normal animals. It is known that light-induced retinal damage requires repetitive bleaching of rhodopsin and that photoreceptor cell loss is by apoptosis; however, the underlying molecular mechanism(s) leading to photoreceptor cell death are(More)