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NK911 is a novel supramolecular nanocarrier designed for the enhanced delivery of doxorubicin (DXR) and is one of the successful polymer micelle systems to exhibit an efficient accumulation in solid tumours in mice. The purpose of this study was to define the maximum-tolerated dose (MTD) and dose-limiting toxicities (DLTs) of NK911 and to evaluate its(More)
BACKGROUND Glutathione (GSH) deficiency is common in HIV-infected individuals and is associated with impaired T cell function and impaired survival. N-acetylcysteine (NAC) is used to replenish GSH that has been depleted by acetaminophen overdose. Studies here test oral administration of NAC for safe and effective GSH replenishment in HIV infection. DESIGN(More)
Telomerase adds hexameric repeats of 5'-TTAGGG-3' termed telomeres to ends of chromosomal DNA. This enzyme has been implicated in cellular immortalization and cellular senescence. Recently, a number of relevant genes have been cloned, including these encoding three major components of human telomerase: human telomerase RNA component (hTR), human telomerase(More)
Glycyrrhizin (GL) has been used in Japan to treat patients with chronic viral hepatitis, as an anti-inflammatory drug to reduce serum alanine aminotransferase levels. GL is also known to exhibit various biological activities, including anti-viral effects, but the anti-hepatitis C virus (HCV) effect of GL remains to be clarified. In this study, we(More)
The follicular cells surrounding Xenopus oocyte under voltage clamp produce K(+)-current responses to follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), adenosine (Ade), and intracellularly applied cAMP. We previously reported that these responses are suppressed by the stimulation of P2Y receptor through phosphorylation by PKC presumably of the ATP-sensitive K(+) (K(ATP))(More)
To explore the mechanism of increased collagen deposition in scirrhous carcinoma of the stomach, an attempt was made to define the role of transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGF-beta 1), secreted from tumour cells, as a possible humoral factor which functions in a paracrine manner to stimulate the production of collagen in regional fibroblasts.(More)
Human gastric carcinomas were tested for their immunohistochemical reactivity with anti-type I procollagen antiserum. In all specimens of scirrhous carcinomas, staining of the tumour cells was strongly positive, while in medullary carcinomas staining of the tumour cells was generally poor. These results suggest that the tumour cells in scirrhous carcinomas(More)
The epitopes recognized by 42 monoclonal antibodies directed against the human parainfluenza virus type 2 (hPIV-2) phosphoprotein (P) were mapped on the primary structure of the P protein by testing their reactivities with deletion mutants. By Western Immunoblotting with these monoclonal antibodies and P protein deletion mutants the region essential for P-P(More)
The hepatitis C virus (HCV) culture system has enabled us to clarify the HCV life cycle and essential host factors for propagation. However, the virus production level of wild-type JFH-1 (JFH-1/wt) is limited, and this leads to difficulties in performing experiments that require higher viral concentrations. As the cell culture-adapted JFH-1 has been(More)