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Certain neuroleptic drugs, such as spiperone and (+) butaclamol, can discriminate between two populations of [3H]5-hydroxytryptamine ([3H]5-HT) binding sites in rat brain. The butyrophenone neuroleptic spiperone shows the greatest selectivity for these two binding sites, having at least a 3000-fold difference between its dissociation constants (2-12 nM(More)
Muscarinic systems are significantly altered in the brains of laboratory animals and man as a result of normal aging. Cholinergic neurotransmission in cerebral cortex and hippocampus is also severely impaired in a major age-related neurological disorder, Alzheimer's disease. The objective of these studies was to assess specific 3H-quinuclidinyl benzilate(More)
Large numbers of neuritic plaques surrounded by reactive astrocytes are characteristic of Alzheimer's disease (AD). There is a large body of research supporting a causal role for the amyloid beta peptide (Abeta), a main constituent of these plaques, in the neuropathology of AD. Several hypotheses have been proposed to explain the toxicity of Abeta including(More)
Age-related differences in muscarinic receptor plasticity were observed in young, adult and senescent Fischer 344 rats (3, 9 and 27 months old, respectively) following the chronic, intracerebroventricular (ivt) administration of a cholinergic agonist, oxotremorine, or antagonist, methylatropine. After three weeks treatment of young rats with ivt(More)
beta-Amyloid (A beta), the central constituent of senile plaques in Alzheimer's disease (AD) brains, was shown by us recently to generate free radicals in an oxygen dependent mechanism. A beta-derived free radicals were detected directly using electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spin trapping techniques employing the spin trap(More)
Antinociceptive activity of intraventricularly administered acetylcholine was quantitated in mice by the tail-flick and phenylquinone tests. Acetylcholine was administered intraventricularly under light ether anesthesia in a 5 mul volume of sterile saline and mice were retested 10 minutes after the operation. A dose-response curve was established for(More)
Age-associated neurodegenerative disorders are becoming more prevalent as the mean age of the population increases in the United States over the next few decades. Both normal brain aging and Alzheimer's disease (AD) are associated with oxidative stress. Our laboratory has used a wide variety of physical and biochemical methods to investigate free radical(More)
Central cholinergic pathways modulate both the perception of excessive motion stimuli and the expression of motion sickness symptoms, such as nausea and vomiting. Specific brainstem areas which mediate motion-induced emesis include the area postrema (AP), vagal nuclear complex (VNC), reticular formation (RF) at the site of the vomiting center, and the(More)
Clinical reports have described age-altered pharmacological effects of anxiolytic drugs especially an increased susceptibility to their sedative actions. In order to test whether such changes may be due to age-related alterations in central benzodiazepine receptors, 3H-flunitrazepam binding was assayed in the frontal cortex and cerebellum of young, mature(More)