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Headfold-stage rat embryos, when cultured on cow serum without supplemental methionine, failed to close their neural tubes, lacked eyes and branchial arches, were abnormally shaped and were reduced in protein content compared to methionine-supplemented embryos. Methionine was essential during the first 18 h of culture, a period in which neural tube closure(More)
When headfold-stage rat embryos were cultured on cow serum, their neural tubes failed to close unless the serum was supplemented with methionine. Methionine deficiency did not appear to affect the ability of the neural epithelium to fuse as a type of fusion was observed between anterior and posterior regions of the open neural tube in methionine-deficient(More)
Cultures of 10-day rat embryos depleted a protein band with a molecular weight of approximately 125,000 from the rat serum medium. Delayed centrifuged serum differed from immediately centrifuged serum by a reduction in the staining intensity of the 125,000 molecular weight protein band and by the absence of two high molecular weight (greater than 200,000)(More)
Effects of heat shock on the development of early pre-somite embryos have been studied using cultured rat embryos. The results illustrate the sensitivity of the developing head and brain to elevated temperatures prior to neural tube closure and the capacity of embryos to acquire thermotolerance. Embryos exposed briefly to an elevated temperature (43 degrees(More)
Research has previously shown that, without methionine supplements, neural tube proteins of rat embryos cultured on bovine sera were hypomethylated and neural tubes failed to close. In the present study, to identify the proteins that became methylated during neurulation, rat embryos were first cultured on methionine-deficient bovine serum for 40 hr, then(More)
Endodermal cells were isolated from yolk sacs of 3-day chick embryos and cultured for 6 days in Eagle's minimal essential media plus 10% fetal calf serum. During this period cells rapidly lost their ability to synthesize DNA as judged by [3H]thymidine incorporation into DNA. In spite of this loss of DNA synthesis serum protein synthesis and secretion(More)
PROBLEM To determine if IgG fractions from sera of individuals with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) were toxic to cultures of whole rat embryos. METHODS Head-fold stage rat embryos (9.5 days of gestation) were cultured on media consisting of 50% rat serum containing IgG fractions isolated from plasmapheresis plasma of six subjects with SLE and six with(More)
OBJECTIVES The objectives were to determine (1) if sera from women with histories of spontaneous abortions were teratogenic to cultured embryos more often than were sera of nonaborters, (2) if the teratogenicity could be corrected by adding nutrients to the sera, and (3) if these findings were relevant to reproductive outcomes. STUDY DESIGN Rat embryos(More)
Monkeys with excellent reproductive histories were immunized with the laminin peptides YIGSR, RGD, IKVAV, and YD, a control sequence with no known biological function. Sera from the YIGSR-immunized monkey became toxic, causing neural tube defects in whole rat embryo cultures, and this monkey experienced fetal loss after immunization. Sera from the(More)