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A latent infection can be established in the trigeminal ganglia of mice after corneal inoculation of herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1). With a virion DNA probe, three transcripts (2.0, 1.5, and 1.45 kilobases [kb]) were detected by Northern blot (RNA blot) analysis of RNAs isolated from the ganglia of latently infected mice. All three transcripts(More)
Herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) is a large (150-kb) double-stranded DNA virus that forms latent infections in neuronal cells of the human peripheral nervous system. Previous work determined that the HSV-1 genome is found in an ordered nucleosomal structure during latent infection. However, during lytic infection, it was unclear whether viral DNA was in(More)
Vmw65, a herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) tegument protein, in association with cellular proteins, transactivates viral immediate early genes. In order to examine the role of Vmw65 during acute and latent infection in vivo, a mutant virus (in1814), containing a 12-base-pair insertion in the Vmw65 gene, which lacks the transactivating function of Vmw65(More)
We have used a minigene construct of the herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) latency-associated transcript (LAT) gene to analyze its transcripts in transient transfection assays. A 2.8-kb fragment of the approximately 8.5-kb LAT gene encompassing the 2.0-kb LAT was cloned into a eukaryotic expression vector downstream of the cytomegalovirus immediate-early(More)
Herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) DNA and RNA have been detected in peripheral nervous system (PNS) and central nervous system (CNS) tissues of latently infected mice. However, explant methods are successful in reactivating HSV-1 only from latently infected PNS tissues. In this report, latent herpesvirus infections in mouse PNS and CNS tissues were(More)
Herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) establishes a latent infection in the trigeminal ganglia of mice infected via the eye. In these ganglia three viral transcripts, of 2.0, 1.5, and 1.45 kilobases (kb), which are at least partially colinear, have been identified by Northern (RNA) blot analysis. These RNAs partially overlap ICPO, but are transcribed in the(More)
BACKGROUND After placement of herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) into the esophageal lumen of BALB/c mice, the virus replicated in enteric neurons within the esophagus and stomach and was transported to the sensory ganglia of the vagus nerve (nodose ganglia), where viral replication also occurs and where ultimately a long term latent infection is(More)
During latent herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) infection in the trigeminal ganglia of mice, three virus-specific transcripts, 2.0, 1.5, and 1.45 kilobases (kb), are detectable by Northern (RNA) blot analysis, but only the 2.0-kb transcript can be detected in HSV-1-infected tissue culture cells (J.G. Spivack and N. W. Fraser, J. Virol. 61:3842-3847,(More)
The presence of herpes simplex virus (HSV-1) DNA in the trigeminal ganglia of latently infected mice was detected by an in situ DNA polymerase chain reaction (PCR), which includes a DNA:DNA hybridization step (indirect in situ PCR). These results were compared to the number of neurons possessing the HSV-1 latency associated transcript (LAT), as detected by(More)
The presence of wild-type herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) and several latency associated transcript (LAT) region mutants within the trigeminal ganglia (TG) of latently infected mice was examined. A combination of methods including conventional in situ hybridization to detect viral LAT and an in situ DNA polymerase chain reaction (PCR) to detect viral(More)