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PURPOSE To report the results of a three-year observational pilot study of lung cancer screening with low dose computed tomography (CT) and to present the study design of a randomised clinical trial named as ''Italung-CT''. MATERIALS AND METHODS Sixty (47 males and 13 females, mean age 64+/-4.5 years) heavy smokers (at least 20 packs-year) underwent three(More)
Diffusion-weighted (Dw) imaging has for a number of years been a diagnostic tool in the field of neuroradiology, yet only since the end of the 1990s, with the introduction of echoplanar imaging (EPI) and the use of sequences capable of performing diffusion studies during a single breath hold, has it found diagnostic applications at the level of the abdomen.(More)
MRI of the brain and proton MRS ((1)H MRS) of the pons and dentate were obtained in 10 patients with genetically confirmed Unverricht-Lundborg disease (EPM1) and 20 control subjects. Patients with EPM1 showed (p < or = 0.01) loss of bulk of the basis pontis, medulla, and cerebellar hemispheres. Cerebral atrophy was present in six patients. The(More)
The paper describes a neural-network-based system for the computer aided detection of lung nodules in chest radiograms. Our approach is based on multiscale processing and artificial neural networks (ANNs). The problem of nodule detection is faced by using a two-stage architecture including: 1) an attention focusing subsystem that processes whole radiographs(More)
OBJECTIVE Prior analyses of X-ray exposures in lung cancer screening with CT considered the basic acquisition technique in single-detector scanners and the effects of a lifetime screening regimen, whereas the potential benefit in terms of lives saved was not addressed. MATERIALS AND METHODS We determined the total-body effective dose of different(More)
Computed tomography (CT) is the most sensitive imaging technique for detecting lung nodules, and is now being evaluated as a screening tool for lung cancer in several large samples studies all over the world. In this report, we describe a semiautomatic method for 3-D segmentation of lung nodules in CT images for subsequent volume assessment. The(More)
BACKGROUND Ultrasonography of the knee is a non-invasive, readily available and low-cost tool for demonstrating peri-articular tissues. OBJECTIVE To correlate clinical features with US findings in the detection, quantification and follow-up of inflammatory signs of the knee in children with pauci-articular juvenile rheumatoid arthritis (JRA). MATERIALS(More)
PURPOSE To prospectively evaluate airway wall thickness and lung attenuation at spirometrically gated thin-section computed tomography (CT) in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and to correlate gated CT findings with pulmonary function test (PFT) results. MATERIALS AND METHODS The ethical committee approved the study, and all(More)