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The paper describes a neural-network-based system for the computer aided detection of lung nodules in chest radiograms. Our approach is based on multiscale processing and artificial neural networks (ANNs). The problem of nodule detection is faced by using a two-stage architecture including: 1) an attention focusing subsystem that processes whole radiographs(More)
Two patients with acute thiamine deficiency were examined with thalamic single-voxel proton MR spectroscopy. T2-weighted images exhibited increased signal intensity. N-acetylaspartate (NAA)/creatine (Cr) ratios were low without detectable lactate. Owing to substantially decreased choline (Cho) T2, the Cho/Cr ratio was not decreased. After thiamine therapy,(More)
MRI of the brain and proton MRS ((1)H MRS) of the pons and dentate were obtained in 10 patients with genetically confirmed Unverricht-Lundborg disease (EPM1) and 20 control subjects. Patients with EPM1 showed (p < or = 0.01) loss of bulk of the basis pontis, medulla, and cerebellar hemispheres. Cerebral atrophy was present in six patients. The(More)
Computed tomography (CT) is the most sensitive imaging technique for detecting lung nodules, and is now being evaluated as a screening tool for lung cancer in several large samples studies all over the world. In this report, we describe a semiautomatic method for 3-D segmentation of lung nodules in CT images for subsequent volume assessment. The(More)
PURPOSE To prospectively compare brain magnetic resonance (MR) imaging and hydrogen 1 (1H) MR spectroscopy findings and to use functional MR imaging to explore the patterns of brain activation in men and women with Fabry disease (FD). MATERIALS AND METHODS Eight men and eight women with FD (mean age, 38.8 years +/- 13.9 [standard deviation]) with absent(More)
Clinical diffusion magnetic resonance (MR) imaging in humans started in the last decade with the demonstration of the capabilities of this technique of depicting the anatomy of the white matter fibre tracts in the brain. Two main approaches in terms of reconstruction and evaluation of the images obtained with application of diffusion sensitising gradients(More)
The course of cranial nerves was studied by means of magnetic resonance (MR), which allowed a multiplane visualization of the investigated structures. The obtained results showed that MR was an excellent method for visualization of the optic, trigeminal, facial and acoustica nerves. The oculomotor and the abducent nerves were detectable only in some regions(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the feasibility of single voxel 1H-MRS of the CNS structures contained in the posterior cranial fossa and to determine the distribution of the normal metabolite ratios, concentrations, and T2 relaxation times in the midbrain, pons, medulla, dentate nucleus and cerebellar vermis. MATERIALS AND METHODS A total of 147 single voxel 1H-MR(More)
OBJECTIVE To describe a previously unreported clinical and radiologic presentation of hereditary transthyretin (TTR)-related amyloidosis. BACKGROUND Unexplained cerebellar ataxia, pyramidal syndrome, and hearing loss are observed in some patients with TTR-related amyloidoses. METHODS We performed clinical, radiologic, and pathologic examinations of(More)
PURPOSE To test whole brain apparent diffusion coefficient histogram analysis as an alternative approach to visual score for the assessment of leukoaraiosis (LA). MATERIALS AND METHODS T2 and diffusion weighted images were obtained in 15 elderly patients. LA extension was assessed on T2 weighted images by two observers using a semiquantitative visual(More)