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The characteristics of the uptake of L-homocysteine by cultures of human umbilical vein endothelial cells have been examined. Uptake occurred by Na(+)-dependent and Na(+)-independent systems, but was essentially independent of the pH of the uptake medium. The Na(+)-independent system corresponded to system L, being totally inhibited by the presence of(More)
In response to homocysteine induced toxicity in human umbilical vein endothelial cells, minimal changes in the concentration of cellular protein thiols but substantial changes in the concentration of intracellular soluble thiols were observed. The latter correlated closely with changes in cellular glutathione levels. No correlation existed between cellular(More)
The effects of S-adenosylhomocysteine and S-adenosylmethionine on some purine- and pyrimidine-metabolizing systems have been examined. Both compounds were capable of acting as relatively good inhibitors of adenosine deaminase, nucleoside phosphorylase, and adenylate deaminase activities but as relatively poor inhibitors of myokinase and nucleoside(More)
The levels of cystathionine synthase have been examined in cultured skin fibroblasts obtained from a patient suffering from pyridoxine-non-responsive homocystinuria and compared with the normal and heterozygous states. Levels of synthase activity were found to vary with time in culture and composition of culture media. The physical properties of normal and(More)
Young growing rats were intraperitoneally injected with mixtures of homocystine and methionine for several weeks. The growth of the animals was inhibited. After 3 weeks 25% of the rats died and isolation of tail tendon collagen and aorta elastin showed that these proteins were deficient in chemical cross-links. Seventy-five % of the rats survived further(More)
Antisera against rat-liver S-adenosylhomocysteine hydrolase (SAH-hydrolase) and calf intestinal mucosal adenosine deaminase (ADA) were raised in rabbits and subsequently used to determine the distribution of the corresponding enzymes in rat-brain using the peroxidase-antiperoxidase immunohistochemical procedure. SAH-hydrolase antigenicity was prominent in(More)
1. The enzyme system of rat liver responsible for the degradation of l-serine O-sulphate was purified 300-fold and the optimum conditions for the activity were determined. 2. Inorganic sulphate, pyruvate and ammonia were found to be the products of enzyme action on lserine O-sulphate, being formed in equivalent amounts under all conditions examined. No free(More)