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In response to homocysteine induced toxicity in human umbilical vein endothelial cells, minimal changes in the concentration of cellular protein thiols but substantial changes in the concentration of intracellular soluble thiols were observed. The latter correlated closely with changes in cellular glutathione levels. No correlation existed between cellular(More)
Homocysteine induced toxicity has been examined in cultures of human umbilical vein endothelial cells. The toxic effects of the amino acid alone and the amino acid plus Cu2+ could be prevented by catalase and decreased by desferal, when either was present in the culture medium. When desferal was allowed to accumulate intracellularly, no significant(More)
Antisera against rat-liver S-adenosylhomocysteine hydrolase (SAH-hydrolase) and calf intestinal mucosal adenosine deaminase (ADA) were raised in rabbits and subsequently used to determine the distribution of the corresponding enzymes in rat-brain using the peroxidase-antiperoxidase immunohistochemical procedure. SAH-hydrolase antigenicity was prominent in(More)
Young growing rats were intraperitoneally injected with mixtures of homocystine and methionine for several weeks. The growth of the animals was inhibited. After 3 weeks 25% of the rats died and isolation of tail tendon collagen and aorta elastin showed that these proteins were deficient in chemical cross-links. Seventy-five % of the rats survived further(More)
The characteristics of the uptake of L-homocysteine by cultures of human umbilical vein endothelial cells have been examined. Uptake occurred by Na(+)-dependent and Na(+)-independent systems, but was essentially independent of the pH of the uptake medium. The Na(+)-independent system corresponded to system L, being totally inhibited by the presence of(More)
The uptake of L-cystine into cultured human umbilical vein endothelial cells has been shown to occur by a Na+-independent system which is inhibited by L-glutamate and L-homocysteine, but not by other amino acids. It is likely that the system transporting L-cystine is shared by L-glutamate. Thiol groups associated with membrane bound components appear to be(More)
The enzymes adenosine deaminase (ADA) and histidine decarboxylase (HDC) were immunocytochemically detected in rat brain. The gross distributions of ADA- and HDC-immunoreactive neurons in the basal hypothalamus were very similar. The superficial layers of the superior colliculus showed only ADA-containing neurons. Using adjacent thin-sections of basal(More)