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OBJECTIVE To examine whether the psychological benefits of sports activity differ between tetraplegics and paraplegics with spinal cord injury, and investigate the effect of frequency and modes of sports activity on the psychological benefits. METHODS The Self-rating Depression Scale (SDS), State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) and Profiles of Mood States(More)
A study was conducted to investigate the validity of skinfold-based prediction equations for body density (g/ml) by Nagamine and Suzuki (1964), and to formulate more convenient and more useful equations for predicting body density from skinfold and age in men. Subjects of the study were 257 healthy men aged 19-60 years in or near Nagasaki City. The(More)
The purpose of this study was to elucidate the main physical factor(s) affecting cardiorespiratory responses during maximal arm cranking exercise in patients with paraplegia. Peak oxygen uptake (peak Vo2), peak pulmonary ventilation (peak VE) and peak heart rate (peak HR) were measured during maximal arm cranking exercise in 28 Japanese male patients. A(More)
A study was conducted to investigate the validity of skinfold-based prediction equations for body density (g/ml) by Nagamine and Suzuki (1964), and to formulate more convenient and more useful equations for predicting body density from skinfold and age in women. Subjects of the study were 512 healthy women aged 18-66 years in or near Nagasaki City. The(More)
Age-related patterns of body size and composition were studied in a cross-sectional sample of Japanese adults 18-59 years of age. Height, weight, the body mass index (BMI), body density (BD), percentage body fat (%Fat), fat mass (FM), fat-free mass (FFM), and the sum of seven skinfold thicknesses (SF) of 288 men and 552 women were considered. Body density(More)
We evaluated association between excess percent body fat (%Fat) and various obesity indices calculated from height and weight in 322 adult females. %Fat was measured by the underwater-weighing method, and obesity indices were based on the following 5 methods; Broca-Katsura method (Katsura method), Kato-Wataya method (Kato method), Japan Society for the(More)
We examined the body shape of female athletes in comparison with female adult non-athletes by factor analysis. The subjects were 433 adult non-athletes and 464 athletes participating in 11 different sporting events. The physique, skinfold thickness and body composition of each subject were measured. The values obtained from non-athletes were analyzed by(More)
A study was conducted to evaluate body composition (Hydrostatics = Under-Water Weighing), skinfold thickness, and BMI in 97 junior high school girls, aged 12 to 15, in Nagasaki City. Body density was measured by under-water weighing, and the two compartments--fat weight (Fat) and lean body mass (LBM, or fat free weight: FFW)--were calculated using the(More)
The age-related pattern of body density and body composition in Japanese males (n = 266) and females (n = 318), 11.00 to 18.99 years of age was studied. Body density (BD) as well as height, body weight, and seven skinfold thicknesses were measured. Percentage fat (%Fat) was calculated using the age- and sex-specific equation of Lohman. Fat mass (FM),(More)
The purpose of this study was to clarify characteristics of age-related changes in body shape in adolescence, in 11- to 19-year-old boys and girls, by using previously reported physique models of adult men and women as the scale. The scale consisted of four factors obtained by factor analysis using 30 items as variables, such as the values measured for the(More)