The smoking habits of 48 chronic schizophrenics who were inpatients of private psychiatric were examined. Subjects were divided into three groups; non-smokers, moderate smokers and heavy smokers, and tested by Fagerstrom's Tolerance Questionnaire (FTQ) as a tobacco dependence evaluation, and Bender Gestalt Test (BGT) and Benton Visual Retention Test (BVRT)… (More)
The possibility that pathways of retinal fibers within the optic tract and the tectum of the adult newt are retinotopic was examined by selective labeling of the retinal fibers with horseradish peroxidase. Within the optic tract fibers from the ventral, temporal and dorsal retinal quadrants were ordered from the dorsal to ventral edges of th optic tract.… (More)
BACKGROUND There has been a growing need for a cognitive assessment tool that can be used for older adults with schizophrenia in clinical settings. The clock-drawing test (CDT) is a brief cognitive test that covers a wide range of cognitive function. Although it is widely used to assess patients with dementia, limited data are available on its usefulness in… (More)
The following lists of responsible editors, handling editors and reviewers are for manuscripts submitted in the year 2011. A number in parentheses follows if they handled or reviewed more than one manuscript. We sincerely appreciate their contributions.
"Addiction" used to remind anyone of the use or abuse of chemical substances. In recent years, however, researchers and clinicians have begun to classify other excessive behaviors including gambling, eating shopping and self-injury into the addictive behavior. Above all, pathological gambling and bulimia nervosa patients often make trouble for psychiatrists… (More)
A case of BRON tablet dependence is demonstrated. BRON is an over-the-counter (OTC) cough suppressant, which contains methylephedrine, dihydrocodeine, chlorpheniramine and caffeine. He took BRON tablet for the first time at the age of 16. In progress, he developed psychomotor excitement twice and finally manifested amotivational syndrome 3 years later from… (More)
Several reports have shown that local anesthetics have a high affinity for muscarinic receptors and competitively inhibit the effects induced by cholinergic agents in various tissues, but there have been no reports on the muscarinic receptors of parietal cells. The effects of five doses of procaine (10(-8)M approximately 10(-4)M) and seven doses of… (More)
Much of the recent interest in the risk factors of relapse in alcoholics has focused on the withdrawal depressive state. Although the clinical relevance of this syndrome is often acknowledged, definite empirical research on subjective symptoms has not been presented in detail. Therefore, the purpose of this paper is to explore the characteristics of… (More)