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The regulation of human prolactin (PRL) secretion by gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) was evaluated with human pituitary monolayer cell cultures. Synthetic GnRH stimulated PRL secretion when exposed to cells in an estrogen-depleted environment. This response was inhibited by pretreatment of the cells with 17 beta-estradiol (E2). A 10(-5) M GnRH(More)
Benz[e]indenes (BIs) are tricyclic molecules that can be envisioned as steroids without an A-ring. Because certain steroids are known to alter gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) responses in central neurons, we examined the effects of a substituted BI resembling 3 alpha-hydroxy-5 alpha-pregnan-20-one (3 alpha-OH-DHP) on GABA-gated chloride currents in cultured(More)
This study demonstrates the response of human pituitary cell monolayers to a wide variety of hormonal stimuli. Appropriate release of luteinizing hormone (LH) and prolactin (PRL) was used as a verification of cell function. Cells that had been in culture for 20 days, with no hormonal additions, were exposed to LH-releasing hormone (LH-RH) continuously for(More)
In vitro studies were carried out that indicated that a lubricant system consisting of 0.45 +/- 0.1 ml of silicon fluid containing 6.6% +/- 0.5% by volume of nonoxynol 9 and a spermicidal cream consisting of 0.45 +/- 0.1 ml made up of 63.4% polyethylene glycol 400 and 30.0% polyethylene glycol 3350 containing 6.6% +/- 0.5% nonoxynol 9 was effective in(More)
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