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Structural surgery is based on a model in which eye movements follow the ball-joint principle, i.e., there is absolute freedom of movement in all possible directions. Nystagmus blockage or convergence excess is regarded as a surplus of the medial rectus muscle. The relation between the weight of the globe and the muscle mass is taken into account. The… (More)
The theory of compensatory rolling of the eyes when the head is inclined is based on the belief that only the bulb rolls. The authors, on the other hand, advance the hypothesis that level components are also inevitably involved. Therefore, they consider it more correct to speak of compensatory eye movements, especially as such phenomena are also… (More)
The glascyclometer is used for measuring cyclophoria and cyclotropia in free space with and without influencing the gained experience in the area of gaze for near and far as well as in head tilting. The apparatus is easy to handle. The reliability of results of measuring and their easy reproductability are of special advantage.