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The effects of four doses of alcohol (0.25 g/kg-1 g/kg) and placebo on a standard test battery of cognitive and psychomotor performance are described. The tests included critical flicker fusion threshold, choice reaction time, tracking and memory scanning. The results of this experiment are compared with those of a number of similar studies which examined(More)
OBJECTIVES: This study examined cross-sectional and prospective relationships between macronutrient intake, behaviors intended to limit fat intake, physical activity and body weight.DESIGN: The overall goal was to identify diet and exercise behaviors that predict and/or accompany weight gain or loss over time. Specific questions addressed included: (a) are(More)
A double-blind study was conducted to investigate the psychomotor effects of cigarette smoking on a 1-hour computer-based simulation of driving comprising continuous tracking and brake reaction time tasks. Twelve minimally abstinent smoker subjects were asked to operate the simulator on four occasions while smoking single cigarettes yielding varying levels(More)
The behavioural toxicity of five anxiolytic benzodiazepines was examined in 28 volunteers who were studied in two groups of 14 subjects each. Each drug was taken nocte for 7 days, with a 4-week washout period between drugs. Assessments of psychomotor performance and sleep were made the morning following the first administration and the morning following the(More)
OBJECTIVE: A widely held clinical belief is that individuals with binge eating problems fare poorly in weight loss programs. The empirical evidence regarding the prognostic significance of binge eating, however, is mixed. The goals of this study were to examine psychological and behavioral characteristics associated with binge eating and the prognostic(More)
OBJECTIVES: The aims of the present study were to examine the prevalence and correlates of binge eating in a nonclinical sample of women and to examine whether associations differed by overweight status.DESIGN: Cross-sectional comparison of women based on self-reported binge eating status (large amount of food eaten and feelings of lack of control during(More)
1. The effects of a number of hypnotics were compared to a range of results collected for triazolam on objective measures of CNS sedation (critical flicker fusion) and short-term memory function (memory scanning). 2. Assessments taken after the drugs had been administered but prior to the onset of sleep showed that in comparison to placebo most of the(More)
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