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A new method for estimating knee joint flexion/extension angles from segment acceleration and angular velocity data is described. The approach uses a combination of Kalman filters and biomechanical constraints based on anatomical knowledge. In contrast to many recently published methods, the proposed approach does not make use of the earth's magnetic field(More)
Discomfort experienced during surface functional electrical stimulation (FES) is thought to be partly a result of localized high current density in the skin underneath the stimulating electrode. This article describes a finite element (FE) model to predict skin current density distribution in the region of the electrode during stimulation and its(More)
Surface functional electrical stimulation results in stimulation of cutaneous receptors and discomfort. The degree of non-uniformity of current distribution in the cutaneous layers in the vicinity of the electrode may influence the sensation experienced. This paper describes the effects on sensation of a thin, high impedance electrode designed to reduce the(More)
Functional electrical stimulation has been shown to be a safe and effective means of correcting foot 12 drop of central neurological origin. Current surface-based devices typically consist of a single channel stimulator, 13 a sensor for determining gait phase and a cuff, within which is housed the anode and cathode. The cuff-mounted 14 electrode design(More)
Functional electrical stimulation has been shown to be a safe and effective means of correcting foot drop of central neurological origin. Current surface-based devices typically consist of a single channel stimulator, a sensor for determining gait phase and a cuff, within which is housed the anode and cathode. The cuff-mounted electrode design reduces the(More)
OBJECTIVE To discuss the effect of continuous monitoring of bispectral index (BIS) on the prognosis of patients with acute brain injury. METHODS A retrospective study was carried out, 61 patients with acute brain injury admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) from March 2009 to July 2010 were divided into survival group (n=25) and death group (n=36).(More)
Lamivudine (LAM) is commonly used to treat Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection, but its use frequently induces drug resistance. Therefore, rapid and correct detection of drug-resistant HBV is important for effective treatment of HBV infection. In this study, we aimed to develop a novel, simple, and user-friendly method for the detection of LAM resistant HBV.(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) cutoff value for the mortality in different age groups in critically ill patients. METHODS A retrospective study was conducted. 295 patients admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) of 401st Hospital of PLA from January 2011 to October 2012 were divided into two groups(More)
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