N. Safaei Nili

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The tetracyclines function as antibiotics by inhibiting bacterial protein synthesis, but recent work has shown that they are pluripotent drugs that affect many mammalian cell functions including proliferation, migration, apoptosis, and matrix remodeling. Because all of these processes have been implicated in arterial intimal lesion development, the(More)
BACKGROUND Patients with bicuspid aortic valve malformations are at an increased risk of aortic dilatation, aneurysm formation, and dissection. Vascular tissues with deficient fibrillin-1 microfibrils release matrix metalloproteinases, enzymes that weaken the vessel wall by degrading elastic matrix components. In bicuspid aortic valve disease a deficiency(More)
Hyperkyphosis is implicated in a mounting list of negative outcomes, including higher mortality. Hyperkyphosis research is hindered due to difficulties inherent in its measurement. By showing that three clinical measures of kyphosis are suitable for use in large scale, longitudinal, hyperkyphosis studies, we will facilitate much needed research in this(More)
OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to delineate the temporal profile of adventitial microvessel (Ad-MV) formation after stenting, its relationship to arterial wall hypoxia, and the effects of a tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI), SU11218, on Ad-MV and in-stent intimal hyperplasia (IH). BACKGROUND Adventitial microvessels have been reported after arterial(More)
Decorin is a small proteoglycan that binds to transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) and inhibits its activity. However, its interaction with platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF), involved in arterial repair after injury, is not well characterized. The objectives of this study were to assess decorin-PDGF and decorin-PDGF receptor (PDGFR) interactions,(More)
Perlecan is a large heparan sulfate proteoglycan (HSPG), which is a major component of the vessel wall. In relation to vascular biology, perlecan has been shown to be a potent inhibitor of smooth muscle cell (SMC) activity. In vivo experiments in animal models of arterial injury have shown that perlecan may inhibit thrombosis and intimal hyperplasia. On the(More)
Percutaneous coronary intervention is the preferred revascularization approach for most patients with coronary artery disease. However, this strategy is limited by renarrowing of the vessel by neointimal hyperplasia within the stent lumen (in-stent restenosis). Vascular smooth muscle cell proliferation is a major component in this healing process. This(More)
OBJECTIVE We analyzed the phenotypic and functional differences between venous and arterial smooth muscle cells (SMC) and the role of decorin in modulating these differences. METHODS AND RESULTS SMC were isolated from the jugular veins and carotid arteries of male white New Zealand rabbits. Venous SMC demonstrated increased proliferation (2-fold,(More)
OBJECTIVE Although the application of cold energy, cryotherapy, has been shown to cause selective damage to cellular components with preservation of matrix structure resulting in less fibrosis in a variety of tissues, the effects of intravascular cryotherapy on vessel wall repair after balloon angioplasty are unknown. We sought to characterize the effects(More)
OBJECTIVES The role of atrial myocytes and extracellular matrix (ECM) changes in atrial chamber remodeling was studied in a canine model of heart failure (HF). BACKGROUND Cardiac remodeling is a key process mediating the progression of HF. Studies of the structural mechanisms of cardiac remodeling have been limited to the left ventricle. The structural(More)