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The double-stranded (ds) RNA-activated protein kinase from human cells is a 68 kd protein (p68 kinase) induced by interferon. On activation by dsRNA in the presence of ATP, the kinase becomes autophosphorylated and can catalyze the phosphorylation of the alpha subunit of eIF2, which leads to an inhibition of the initiation of protein synthesis. Here we(More)
Interleukin-3 (IL-3), IL-5, and granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor regulate the survival, proliferation, and differentiation of hematopoietic lineages. Phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) has been implicated in the regulation of these processes. Here we investigate the molecular mechanism by which PI3K regulates cytokine-mediated(More)
Apoptotic cell death plays a critical role in the development of the nervous system. The death of mature nondividing neurons that fail to receive appropriate input from the target field has been extensively studied. However, the mechanisms mediating the extensive cell death occurring in areas of the developing brain where proliferating neuroblasts(More)
The ability of the CBP (CREB binding protein) coactivator to stimulate transcription has previously been shown to be stimulated by treatment of neuronal cells with nerve growth factor (NGF). This effect is dependent upon activation of the p42/p44 MAPK (mitogen activated protein kinase) pathway. Here we show that both CBP and the related p300 protein(More)
BACKGROUND Antimitotic chemotherapeutic agents target tubulin, the major protein in mitotic spindles. Tubulin isotype composition is thought to be both diagnostic of tumor progression and a determinant of the cellular response to chemotherapy. This implies that there is a difference in isotype composition between normal and tumor tissues. METHODS To(More)
The octamer binding transcription/DNA replication factor Oct-1 is present in virtually all cell types including proliferating cell lines of neuronal origin but is not detectable in mature non-dividing neurons. Cell cycle arrest in G0/G1 and morphological differentiation of a neuronal cell line is accompanied by a decline in the level of Oct-1 DNA binding,(More)
Rabbit polyribosomal globin messenger RNA (mRNA) and messenger ribonucleoprotein (mRNP) were labelled at the 3' poly(A) tail to high specific activity with T4 RNA ligase and [5'-(32)P]pCp without consequent loss of functional activity. Labelled message was translated in both micrococcal nuclease treated and untreated rabbit reticulocyte lysates, as shown by(More)
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