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Synthesis of delta-aminolevulinic acid (ALA) derivatives is a promising way to improve the therapeutic properties of ALA, particularly cell uptake or homogeneity of protoporphyrin IX (PpIX) synthesis. The fluorescence emission kinetics and phototoxic properties of ALA-n-pentyl ester (E1) and R,S-ALA-2-(hydroxymethyl) tetrahydrofuranyl ester (E2) were(More)
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS Delta aminolevulinic acid (ALA)-induced protoporphyrin IX (PpIX) is a fluorescent sensitizer that permits detection and treatment of squamous cell carcinoma of the oral cavity. An exogenously induced decrease in tissue pH was evaluated for its effect in enhancing cellular uptake of ALA and facilitating its transformation into PpIX. (More)
Delta-aminolevulinic acid (ALA)-PDT efficacy is particularly dependent on the quality of protoporphyrin IX (PpIX)-induced synthesis. The purpose of this study was to determine the ability of cells from two human cancer types to synthesise PpIX after ALA administration. Biopsies of glioma cells have been obtained from patients with glioblastomas that have or(More)
PpIX synthesis after incubation with delta-aminolevulinic acid (ALA) is highly variable from one cell to another within a single cell population and in human glioblastomas in vivo. To improve PpIX synthesis, we attempted to modify the PpIX synthesis pathway in a C6 glioma cell model. To perform this experiment we used confocal microspectrofluorometry to(More)
The purpose of this study was to estimate the efficacy of an endogenous sensitizer (δ-aminolevulinic acid (or ALA) induced protoporphyrin IX (or PpIX)) and an exogenous sensitizer (meta(tetrahydroxyphenyl)chlorin or m-THPC) on two different cell lines, rat colon adenocarcinoma PROb cells and murine melanoma B16A45 (B16) cells, in apoptosis production. After(More)
Photodynamic therapy (PDT) induces cell-membrane damage and alterations in cancer-cell adhesiveness, an important parameter in cancer metastasis. These alterations result from cell sensitivity to photosensitizers and the distribution of photosensitizers in cells. The efficacy of photosensitizers depends on their close proximity to targets and thus on their(More)
Photodynamic therapy (PDT) with Photofrin has already been authorized for certain applications in Japan, the USA and France, and powerful second-generation sensitizers such as meta-(tetrahydroxyphenyl) chlorin (m-THPC) are now being considered for approval. Although sensitizers are likely to localize within the cytoplasm or the plasma membrane, nuclear(More)
Photodynamic therapy (PDT) induces among numerous cell targets membrane damage and alteration in cancer cell adhesiveness, an important parameter in cancer metastasis. We have previously shown that hematoporphyrin derivative (HPD)-PDT decreases cancer cell adhesiveness to endothelial cells in vitro and that it reduces the metastatic potential of cells(More)
As many types of cells exposed to photodynamic therapy (PDT) appear to undergo apoptosis, various apoptosis inhibitors have already been used in studies of PDT-induced apoptosis. Although these inhibitors decrease apoptosis, their real effect on the phototoxic efficacy of photosensitisers is unclear. The good phototoxicity of m-THPC was confirmed on murine(More)
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