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It is unclear whether increased muscle mass or body fat confer the survival advantage in hemodialysis patients with high body-mass index (BMI). Twenty-four-hour urinary creatinine (UCr) excretion was used as a measure of muscle mass. The outcomes of hemodialysis patients with high BMI and normal or high muscle mass (inferred low body fat) and high BMI and(More)
Longitudinal associations of malnutrition with atherosclerotic events in uremia are unclear. In 50,732 incident Medicare dialysis patients who had normal (18.5 to 24.9 kg/m(2)), low (<18.5 kg/m(2)), or high (> or = 25 kg/m(2)) body mass index (BMI) and initiated dialysis in the United States from January 1995 to December 1999 with reported measured(More)
BACKGROUND Although metabolic syndrome is associated with inflammation in the general population, it is unknown whether similar associations exist in patients with chronic kidney disease. METHODS +7 cross-sectional associations of metabolic syndrome and its component conditions (diabetes, hypertension, hypertriglyceridemia, abdominal obesity, and low(More)
Previous studies showed that sicker patients were initiated on dialysis at higher GFR as estimated by the Modification of Diet in Renal Disease (MDRD) formula. It was previously shown that patients with low creatinine production were malnourished and had low serum creatinine levels and creatinine clearances (CrCl) but high MDRD GFR at initiation of(More)
OBJECTIVE As adipose tissue releases inflammatory cytokines, obesity is associated with elevated C-reactive protein (CRP) levels in the general population. We examined the cross-sectional association of body mass index (BMI) with CRP in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). DESIGN Cross-sectional study. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS Ninety-four CKD(More)
Vasopressin modulates sodium reabsorption in the collecting duct through adenylyl cyclase-stimulated cyclic AMP, which exists as multiple isoforms; the specific isoform involved in vasopressin-stimulated sodium transport is unknown. To assess this, we studied mice deficient in adenylyl cyclase type VI specifically in the principal cells of the collecting(More)
BACKGROUND The role of proximal tubule (PT) angiotensinogen (AGT) in modulating blood pressure has previously been examined using mice expressing PT human AGT and human renin, or rat AGT. These animals are hypertensive; however, the question remains whether alterations in mouse PT AGT alone affects arterial pressure. METHODS Mouse AGT cDNA was knocked-in(More)
There is a lack of data on patient preferences for intense hemodialysis (IHD). In this study, we conducted a cross-sectional survey to identify patient preferences and patient-centered barriers for IHD. A questionnaire on preferences and anticipated barriers, anticipated benefits, and quality of life for three in-center IHD schedules (daytime 2 hr six(More)
PURPOSE OF REVIEW Although the existence of a complete intrarenal renin-angiotensin system is now well established, its role in modulating tubule sodium transport and blood pressure is incompletely understood. Several recent studies have shed light on one component of the system, proximal tubule-derived angiotensinogen (AGT). This review discusses the(More)
The prorenin receptor (PRR), a recently discovered component of the renin-angiotensin system, is expressed in the nephron in general and the collecting duct in particular. However, the physiological significance of nephron PRR remains unclear, partly due to developmental abnormalities associated with global or renal-specific PRR gene knockout (KO).(More)