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Craniofacial development of vertebrates depends largely on neural crest contribution and each subdomain of the crest-derived ectomesenchyme follows its specific genetic control. The rat small eye (rSey) involves a mutation in the Pax-6 gene and the external feature of rSey homozygous embryos exhibits craniofacial defects in ocular and frontonasal regions.(More)
Migration of cranial neural crest cells is a crucial event in the formation of facial organs such as the frontonasal mass and branchial arches. However, the source of the populating crest cells that occupy the frontonasal mass remains unclear in mammalian embryos. To elucidate this, we performed focal DiI injections at various sites in the prosencephalon(More)
The rat small eye strain (rSey) lacks eyes and nose in the homozygote, and is similar to the mouse Sey strain with mutations in the Pax-6 gene. We isolated Pax-6 cDNA clones from an rSey homozygote library, and found an internal deletion of about 600 basepairs in the serine/threonine-rich domain. At the genomic level, a single base (G) insertion in an exon(More)
A new mutant rat with small eyes (rSey) which was found in the course of breeding Sprague-Dawley rats is described. Genetic analysis demonstrates that rSey is inherited as an autosomal dominant mutation. Heterozygotes (rSey/+) have small eyes, while homozygotes (rSey/rSey) do not develop lens and nasal placodes, resulting in lack of eyes and the nose and(More)
This study investigates the migration patterns of cranial neural crest cells in retinoic acid (RA)-treated rat embryos using DiI labeling. Wistar-Imamichi rat embryos were treated at the early (9.0 days post coitum, d.p.c.) and late (9.5 d.p.c.) neural plate stages with all-trans RA (2 x 10(-7) M) for 6 hours and further cultured in an RA-free medium. RA(More)
Teeth are formed by reciprocal interactions between the epithelium and mesenchyme in the first pharyngeal arch. Although the contribution of midbrain and hindbrain crest cells to the first pharyngeal arch has been previously examined in rodent embryos, no direct evidence exists that these cells are actually involved in the dental mesenchyme. In order to(More)
Neural crest (NC) is a transient structure that gives rise to various types of tissues. Many NC cells are pluripotent in the sense that their progeny can generate more than one derivative. However, the potentiality to differentiate into certain derivatives, such as cartilage and bone, seems to be specified with respect to the neuraxial levels at which the(More)
Olfactory receptor neurons extend their primary axons from the nasal epithelium to the olfactory bulb primordium via the frontonasal mesenchyme. In the present study, expression of neuronal markers (vimentin and MAP1B) and N-CAM was immunohistochemically investigated in the development of the olfactory system in mouse embryos. Expression of vimentin and(More)
Histological and experimental studies were performed in mouse embryos to elucidate possible roles of actin filaments in the nasal epithelium during facial morphogenesis. C57BL/6 mouse embryos (8.5-11.5 days of gestation) were fixed and frozen sections were stained with rhodamine-phalloidin. Before formation of the nasal placode, there was no specific(More)
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