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Human retinoblastomas can occur both as hereditary and as sporadic cases. Knudson's proposal that they result from two mutational events, of which one is present in the germ line in hereditary cases, has been confirmed by more recent molecular analysis, which has shown both events to involve loss or mutational inactivation of the same gene, RB-1 (ref. 2).(More)
The bmi-1 proto-oncogene has been implicated in B-cell lymphomagenesis in E mu-myc transgenic mice. Distinct domains of the Bmi-1 protein are highly conserved within the Drosophila protein Posterior Sex Combs, a member of the Polycomb group involved in maintaining stable repression of homeotic genes during development. We have inactivated the bmi-1 gene in(More)
Two types of P-glycoprotein have been found in mammals: the drug-transporting P-glycoproteins and a second type, unable to transport hydrophobic anticancer drugs. The latter is encoded by the human MDR3 (also called MDR2) and the mouse mdr2 genes, and its tissue distribution (bile canalicular membrane of hepatocytes, B cells, heart, and muscle) suggests a(More)
The requirement for a functional retinoblastoma gene, Rb-1, in murine development around days 12-15 of gestation precludes monitoring the effect of loss of Rb-1 function on later stages of development and on tumorigenesis in adult mice. Here we describe the developmental rescue of embryonic stem cells carrying two inactive Rb-1 alleles in chimeric mice.(More)
The oncogene bmi-1, which was originally found to be involved in B- and T-cell lymphoma formation encodes a protein with a domain of homology to the Drosophila protein Posterior sex combs (Psc) and its relative Suppressor 2 of Zeste (Su(z)2) (refs 4 and 5). Psc is a member of the Polycomb-group gene family, which is required to maintain the repression of(More)
  • T Akasaka, M van Lohuizen, +7 authors H Koseki
  • 2001
Polycomb group genes were identified as a conserved group of genes whose products are required in multimeric complexes to maintain spatially restricted expression of Hox cluster genes. Unlike in Drosophila, in mammals Polycomb group (PcG) genes are represented as highly related gene pairs, indicative of duplication during metazoan evolution. Mel18 and Bmi1(More)
Transgenic mice overexpressing the interleukin 9 gene were generated to study the biological activity of this cytokine in vivo. Although no major histological or morphological modifications of the lymphoid system were observed in most animals, approximately 7% of transgenic mice developed thymic lymphomas at the age of 3-9 months. The tumor cells, which(More)
In Drosophila and mouse, Polycomb group genes are involved in the maintenance of homeotic gene expression patterns throughout development. Here we report the skeletal phenotypes of compound mutants for two Polycomb group genes bmi1 and M33. We show that mice deficient for both bmi1 and M33 present stronger homeotic transformations of the axial skeleton as(More)
The Pim-1 proto-oncogene is one of the most potent collaborators of the myc proto-oncogenes in inducing lymphomagenesis in mice. Contrary to the profound effects when overexpressed in vivo, Pim-1-deficient mice showed only subtle phenotypic alterations, which could indicate the presence of redundantly acting genes. In line with this, a PCR-based screen has(More)
The mouse Pim-1 gene encodes two cytoplasmic serine-threonine-specific protein kinases. The gene has been found to be activated (overexpressed) by retroviral insertion in hematopoietic tumors in mice. Transgenic mice that overexpress Pim-1 (E mu-Pim-1) have a low incidence of spontaneous T-cell lymphomas and an increased susceptibility to Moloney murine(More)