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6B4 proteoglycan/phosphacan is one of the major phosphate-buffered saline-soluble chondroitin sulfate proteoglycans of the brain. Recently, this molecule has been demonstrated to be an extracellular variant of the proteoglycan-type protein tyrosine phosphatase, PTPzeta (RPTPbeta). The influence of the 6B4 proteoglycan, adsorbed onto the substratum, on cell(More)
Inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (InsP3) is a second messenger that releases Ca2+ from its intracellular stores. The InsP3 receptor has been purified and its cDNA has been cloned. We have found that the InsP3 receptor is identical to P400 protein, first identified as a protein enriched in cerebellar Purkinje cells. We have generated an L-fibroblast cell(More)
Pleiotrophin/heparin-binding growth-associated molecule (HB-GAM) is a specific ligand of protein tyrosine phosphatase zeta (PTPzeta)/receptor-like protein tyrosine phosphatase beta (RPTPbeta) expressed in the brain as a chondroitin sulfate proteoglycan. Pleiotrophin and PTPzeta isoforms are localized along the radial glial fibers, a scaffold for neuronal(More)
A large brain-specific chondroitin sulfate proteoglycan, identified with monoclonal antibody 6B4 (6B4 proteoglycan/phosphacan), was isolated from rat brain. Soluble proteoglycans in the phosphate-buffered saline extract from 20-day-old rat whole brain were fractionated by anion exchange chromatography and CsCl density gradient centrifugation. 6B4(More)
The concentration of apolipoprotein E (apoE), a high-affinity ligand for the low-density lipoprotein receptor, increases dramatically in peripheral nerve following injury. This endoneurial apoE is thought to play an important role in the redistribution of lipids from the degenerating axonal and myelin membranes to the regenerating axons and myelin sheaths.(More)
P400, inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptor (InsP3-R), is a key protein to understanding the mechanisms of inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (InsP3)-mediated Ca2+ mobilization. We obtained the cerebellar-type P400/InsP3-R cDNA and generated an L cell transfectant (L15) that produces cDNA-derived P400/InsP3-R. In membranes, this protein displays high affinity,(More)
The developmental expression and intracellular localization of a cerebellum-characteristic 250-kDa glycoprotein, P400 protein, were studied by immunohistochemical and immunoblot methods using a monoclonal antibody against P400 protein. In the cerebellum of normal mouse, the expression of P400 protein increased from Postnatal Day 3 to Day 21. This(More)
PTPzeta/RPTPbeta, a receptor-type protein tyrosine phosphatase synthesized as a chondroitin sulfate (CS) proteoglycan, uses a heparin-binding growth factor pleiotrophin (PTN) as a ligand, in which the CS portion plays an essential role in ligand binding. Using an organotypic slice culture system, we tested the hypothesis that PTN-PTPzeta signaling is(More)
It is known that the mammalian brain contains many kinds of proteoglycans, but almost all of them remain to be characterized. In this study, we prepared a monoclonal antibody against a phosphate-buffered saline-soluble brain proteoglycan (MAb 6B4). MAb 6B4 recognized a 600- to 1000-kDa chondroitin sulfate proteoglycan with a 250-kDa core protein (6B4(More)