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Physical and psychological stressors not only enhance activity of the hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenocortical axis, but also cause oxidative damage by inducing an imbalance between the in vivo pro-oxidant and antioxidant status. The involvement of adrenal steroid stress hormones in oxidative damage associated with these stressors has not been extensively(More)
Oxidative stress is a critical route of damage in various psychological stress-induced disorders, such as depression. Antidepressants are widely prescribed to treat these conditions; however, few animal studies have investigated the effect of these drugs on endogenous antioxidant status in the brain. The present study employed a 21-day chronic regimen of(More)
Basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) may act to modulate hematopoiesis in addition to its effects on mesenchymal cells. We studied the effects of bFGF on human and murine primary marrow megakaryocytes. bFGF modestly enhanced the size of the human megakaryocyte colony-forming unit (CFU-MK) and cell numbers per colony, in combination with interleukin-3(More)
Stress plays a potential role in the onset and exacerbation of depression. Chronic restraint stress in rats, and psychosocial stress in humans, is implicated in the pathophysiology of mood and anxiety disorders. Oxidative damage is an established outcome of restraint stress, which has been suggested to induce many damaging processes contributing to the(More)
BACKGROUND Stress is known to affect synaptic plasticity, dendritic morphology and induces neurotoxic damage in humans, probably through generation of free radicals. Both ex vivo antioxidant vitamins and in vivo free radical scavenging enzymes exist. In the present study, restraint stress induced pro-oxidant status of rat brain was evaluated in terms of(More)
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES Ocimum sanctum (OS) is known to possess various therapeutic properties. We have earlier isolated and characterized three OS compounds; Ocimarin, Ocimumoside A and Ocimumoside B. However, their role in modulating stress-induced central changes is unexplored. Thus, the present study was aimed to investigate the effect of these OS(More)
ICAM-2-deficient mice exhibit prolonged accumulation of eosinophils in lung interstitium concomitant with a delayed increase in eosinophil numbers in the airway lumen during the development of allergic lung inflammation. The ICAM-2-dependent increased and prolonged accumulation of eosinophils in lung interstitium results in prolonged, heightened airway(More)
Stress plays a key role in the induction of various clinical disorders by altering monoaminergic response and antioxidant defenses. In the present study, alterations in the concentrations of dopamine (DA), serotonin (5-HT) and their metabolites, and simultaneous changes in the antioxidant defense system and lipid peroxidation in different brain regions(More)
The current study was designed to assess the effect of immobilization stress on liver toxicity induced by topical as well as oral administration of 7,12-dimethyl benz(a)anthracene (DMBA) in Swiss Albino rats. The experimental animals were divided into six groups. Group 1 animals were exposed to chronic restraint stress alone for 10 days (3h/day), shaved(More)
Over the years, several lines of evidence have emerged supporting the role of stress in the development and progression of cancer. Stress can cause an increase in the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and decrease in the in vivo antioxidant defense systems. A ROS-induced DNA damage in peripheral lymphocytes, liver and skin cells may be revealed by(More)