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A previously developed Agrobacterium tumefaciens-mediated transformation (ATMT) protocol for the plant pathogenic fungus Colletotrichum graminicola led to high rates of tandem integration of the whole Ti-plasmid, and was therefore considered to be unsuitable for the identification of pathogenicity and virulence genes by insertional mutagenesis in this(More)
Colletotrichum species infect several economically important crop plants. To establish a compatible parasitic interaction, a specialized infection cell, the melanized appressorium, is differentiated on the cuticle of the host. After penetration, an infection vesicle and primary hyphae are formed. These structures do not kill the host cell and show some(More)
Cystic fibrosis (CF) is an autosomal recessive disease caused by at least 750 different mutations in the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) gene. The frequency of the most common mutation (DF508) in Brazilian patients of European origin is 47%. To determine the frequency of 4 other common CF mutations (G542X, G551D, R553X, and(More)
Investigating the penetration behavior of pathogenic fungi often fails because natural substrata vary significantly with respect to morphological and microstructural properties. To establish in vitro penetration assays, reproducible production of thin membranes with defined properties such as thickness, mechanical and chemical stability, roughness and(More)
Mucolipidosis II and III alpha/beta (ML II/III alpha/beta) are rare autosomal recessive lysosomal storage diseases that are caused by a deficiency of UDP-GlcNAc:lysosomal enzyme N-acetylglucosamine-1-phosphotransferase, the enzyme responsible for the synthesis of the mannose 6-phosphate targeting signal on lysosomal hydrolases. A Brazilian patient suspected(More)
The restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) haplotypes of cystic fibrosis (CF) alleles vary between populations. To determine the distribution of two RFLPs (XV-2C and KM-19) that are tightly linked to the CF locus, we analyzed a white sample from five different states of Brazil. The haplotypes of 314 CF- and 237 non-CF-bearing chromosomes were(More)
Development of the power supply system towards a more decentralized system with a growing share of renewable energies constitutes an additional complexity for its reliable, secure, and economic operation. This has a strong impact on a variety of optimization tasks, such as power plant resource scheduling, reactive power management, or the expansion of the(More)
We have used PCR amplification of DNA obtained from Guthrie cards to identify the DF508 mutation and correlate it with the allele frequencies at two polymorphic loci (XV-2C and KM-19) closely linked to the cystic fibrosis gene. The DNA came from 193 white Brazilian families affected by cystic fibrosis and living in five different states of Brazil. The(More)
The ascomycete and causative agent of maize anthracnose and stem rot, Colletotrichum graminicola, differentiates melanized infection cells called appressoria that are indispensable for breaching the plant cell wall. High concentrations of osmolytes accumulate within the appressorium, and the internal turgor pressure of up to 5.4 MPa provides sufficient(More)
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