N . K . Hooper

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The preceding paper described our numerical index of carcinogenic potency, the TD50 and the statistical procedures adopted for estimating it from experimental data. This paper presents the Carcinogenic Potency Database, which includes results of about 3000 long-term, chronic experiments of 770 test compounds. Part II is a discussion of the sources of our(More)
The Y-maze was used to examine the effects of purines acting at A1 and A2 adenosine receptors upon spontaneous alternation, a model of working memory, in mice. In support of previous work, scopolamine produced a loss of spontaneous alternation behaviour to the 0.5 chance level. The A1 receptor selective agonist N6-cyclopentyladenosine (CPA) did not change(More)
2,3,7,8-Tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) and 1,2,3,6,7,8- and 1,2,3,7,8,9-hexachlorodibenzo-p-dioxins (HCDDs) are among the most toxic and carcinogenic of “man-made” chemicals. These “dioxins,” as well as many of the other polychlorinated dibenzodioxins (PCDDs) and dibenzofuran (PCDFs) derivatives, are chlorinated aromatic compounds which are chemically(More)
Toxaphene, the most widely used chlorinated insecticide, is mutagenic in the Salmonella test without requiring liver homogenate for activity. This insecticide is a complex mixture (more than 177 polychloroterpenes) with carcinogenic activity in rodents. Some but not all of the mutagenic components are easily separated from the insecticidal ingredients.
This study reports on the first 150 consecutive Oxford cementless unicompartmental knee arthroplasties (UKA) performed in an independent centre (126 patients). All eligible patients had functional scores (Oxford knee score and high activity arthroplasty score) recorded pre-operatively and at two- and five-years of follow-up. Fluoroscopically aligned(More)
The spiny lobster stomatogastric nervous system synthesizes dopamine and octopamine in vitro from exogenous [3H]tyrosine. Each amine accumulates with a specific distribution among 9 separately analyzed regions within the system. Synthesis of other catecholamines was not observed. [3H]Dopamine is found in nerves, ganglia, and identified commissural ganglion(More)
BACKGROUND Opening wedge high tibial osteotomy often requires bone grafting to improve the union rate and avoid instability at the osteotomy site. Autograft and allograft have both been associated with complications and the use of bone substitute wedges has been advocated to improve the outcome. This study investigated the clinical, radiological and(More)
Erythrocytes containing micronuclei serve as an indicator of genotoxic exposure in splenectomized individuals. Micronucleated erythrocytes, derived from cytogenetically damaged RBC precursors, are not selectively removed from peripheral blood in individuals who lack splenic function. The relationship between micronucleated cell frequencies and demographic,(More)
For 41 chemicals there exist both reasonable data on carcinogenic potency in experimental animals and also a defined Permissible Exposure Level (PEL), which is the upper limit of legally permissible chronic occupational exposure for U.S. workers. These 41 agents are ranked by an index that compares the permitted chronic human exposure to the chronic dose(More)
We reviewed the experience of a dedicated orthopaedic elective service to determine whether we could establish a BMI group where arthroplasty was no longer effective as assessed by the patient's functional outcome. This was a prospective observational study with retrospective analysis of data collected on 1439 total hip arthroplasty, 934 total knee(More)