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Molecular genetic maps were constructed for two full-sib populations, TTC1 and TTC2, derived from two Leymus triticoides x Leymus cinereus hybrids and one common Leymus triticoides tester. Informative DNA markers were detected using 21 EcoRI-MseI and 17 PstI-MseI AFLP primer combinations, 36 anchored SSR or STS primer pairs, and 9 anchored RFLP probes. The(More)
Phylogenetic relationships of the Poaceae subfamily, Pooideae, were estimated from the sequences of the internal transcribed spacer (ITS) region of nuclear ribosomal DNA. The entire ITS region of 25 species belonging to 19 genera representing seven tribes was directly sequenced from polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-amplified DNA fragments. The published(More)
Phylogenetic relationships of 30 diploid species of Triticeae (Poaceae) representing 19 genomes were estimated from the sequences of the internal transcribed spacer (ITS) region of nuclear ribosomal DNA. The ITS sequence phylogeny indicated that: (i) each genome group of species is monophyletic, concordant with cytogenetic evidence; (ii) Hordeum (I) and(More)
Entire sequences of the internal transcribed spacers (ITSs) and 5.8S subunit of nuclear ribosomal DNA (nrDNA) were obtained from nine grass species by direct double-stranded sequencing of polymerase chain reaction (PCR) amplified DNA fragments. These sequences from subfamily Pooideae (Triticum aestivum, Crithodium monococcum, Sitopsis speltoides, Hordeum(More)
Triticeae contains hundreds of species of both annual and perennial types. Although substantial genomic tools are available for annual Triticeae cereals such as wheat and barley, the perennial Triticeae lack sufficient genomic resources for genetic mapping or diversity research. To increase the amount of sequence information available in the perennial(More)
High irradiance-acclimated soybean leaves had the same CO(2) exchange rates, but lower starch accumulation rates and correspondingly higher translocation rates than unacclimated leaves. Increased translocation rates were associated with increased sucrose phosphate synthetase (EC 2.4.1.14) activity. Foliar sucrose levels and adenosine diphosphate-glucose(More)
The savannas (cerrado) of south-central Brazil are currently subjected to frequent anthropogenic burning, causing widespread reduction in tree density. Increasing concentrations of atmospheric CO2 could reduce the impact of such frequent burning by increasing the availability of nonstructural carbohydrate, which is necessary for resprouting. We tested the(More)
Fructan plays an important role as an alternate carbohydrate and may contribute to drought and cold-stress tolerances in various plant species. The gene coding for sucrose:fructan 6-fructosyltransferase (6-SFT; EC 2.4.1.10), an enzyme that catalyzes the formation and extension of beta-2,6-linked fructans (levans), is important to fructan synthesis in many(More)
Two photosynthetic periods and photosynthetic photon flux densities (PPFD) were used to study the relationship between the rate of photosynthesis and starch accumulation in vegetative soybean leaves (Merr. cv Amsoy 71). Plants grown in short daily photosynthetic periods (7 hours) had higher rates of CO(2) fixation per unit leaf dry weight and of leaf starch(More)
Photosynthesis, photosynthate partitioning into foliar starch, and translocation were investigated in soybean plants (Glycine max (L.) Merr. cv. Amsoy 71), grown under different photoperiods and photosynthetic periods to determine the controls of leaf starch accumulation. Starch accumulation rates in soybean leaves were inversely related to the length of(More)