N. J. Williams

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BACKGROUND Although many years of genetic epidemiological studies have demonstrated that genetics plays a significant role in determining smoking behavior, little information is available on genomic loci or genes affecting nicotine dependence. Several susceptibility chromosomal regions for nicotine dependence have been reported, but few have received(More)
Utah Clinical Guidelines on Prescribing Opioids for Treatment of Pain were produced and made available to medical providers in March 2009. These guidelines were developed by a multidisciplinary consensus panel after a review of existing evidence-based guidelines. Common recommendations were compiled and presented to the panel for review. The guidelines(More)
OBJECTIVES The use of antimicrobials in food-producing animals has been linked with the emergence of antimicrobial resistance in bacterial populations, with consequences for animal and public health. This study explored the underpinning drivers, motivators and reasoning behind prescribing decisions made by veterinary surgeons working in the UK pig industry.(More)
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