N J Fincham

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The constitutive production of interleukin-1 alpha-like material in normal human epidermis, its inflammatory properties, and the mechanism of its inflammatory action are briefly reviewed. The isolation of interleukin-8 from psoriatic lesions, its in vitro production, and leukocyte chemoattractant properties are also described. Available evidence suggests(More)
1 Clinically normal human abdominal skin was irradiated with three minimal-erythema doses of ultraviolet B irradiation, (u.v.B). 2 Erythema was assessed visually, and exudate recovered by a suction bulla technique from normal skin, and at 10 min, 2, 6, 18, 24 and 48 h after irradiation. 3 Erythema was barely visible at 2 h, but increased to maximum at 24 h,(More)
Recombinant human interleukin 1 (IL-1) possesses potent inflammatory properties in both animal and human skin. However, IL-1-like material has been isolated from normal epidermal samples. In view of the uncertainty concerning the structure and biologic properties of human epidermal IL-1, heel stratum corneum, and chamber fluid samples from normal skin have(More)
The presence of neutrophil chemoattractant material in aqueous extracts of lesional psoriatic scale has been investigated by use of an agarose microdroplet chemokinesis method in combination with ultrafiltration and high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). Fractions were also assayed for murine thymocyte co-stimulating activity. Aqueous extracts of(More)
The IL-1-like neutrophil chemoattractant activity previously reported by us to be present in the stratum corneum of psoriatic skin lesions has now been characterized further. Aqueous extracts of stratum corneum samples from psoriatic lesions and from the heels of normal volunteers were ultrafiltered to yield 10- to 30-kDa fractions. The ultrafiltered(More)
Leukotriene B4 (LTB4) release by calcium ionophore-stimulated human leucocytes was measured by use of selective solvent partition of reaction mixtures and an agarose microdroplet chemokinesis assay, and the inhibitory effects of four monohydroxy fatty acids were determined. 15-Hydroxy-eicosatetraenoic acid (15-HETE) was the most effective inhibitor of LTB4(More)
Cytokine levels were compared in aqueous extracts of stratum corneum from psoriatic lesions and normal heel. Samples from heel contained high levels of interleukin-1 alpha (IL-1 alpha) and beta measured in immunoassays, although only the IL-1 alpha was biologically active. No other cytokines could be detected in heel samples. Interleukin-1 (IL-1) levels(More)
Treatment of human synovial cell cultures with human recombinant interleukin 1 (IL-1) results in the appearance of activity in the supernatant which stimulates human polymorphonuclear neutrophils (PMNs), as assessed by increased chemokinesis and elevation of intracellular free calcium concentration. IL-1 (or related cytokines) were unable to stimulate these(More)
Present evidence suggests that skin is an important organ of prostaglandin metabolism. To clarify its role, the basic kinetics of 15-hydroxyprostaglandin dehydrogenase (PGDH) from rat skin were investigated with either NAD+ of NADP+ as co-substrate. Prostaglandin F2 alpha (PGF2 alpha) and prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) were used as substrates and preliminary(More)
1. Lipid extracts of scale from the lesions of the skin disease psoriasis were purified by high performance liquid chromatography (h.p.l.c.). Assay of fractions by an agarose microdroplet method showed the presence of a novel neutrophil chemokinetic compound which possessed the chromatographic properties of a monohydroxy fatty acid, yet was distinct from(More)