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A nonlinear device for ultrafast processing is proposed. This device is based on the nonlinear propagation in a waveguide loop formed by connecting the output ports of a conventional coupler. The device is shown to have potentially useful characteristics for unequal coupling ratios and has the ability to operate on entire pulses when soliton effects are(More)
We determine the power dependence of dispersion-managed solitons on map strength and average dispersion, using a combination of numerical simulations and the variational approach. In particular, we investigate the behavior near zero dispersion and identify the region of existence of dispersion-managed solitons in the average normal-dispersion regime.
We present an empirical scaling law that models the increased energy required for launching a soliton into an optical system with sections of both normal and anomalous dispersion fiber. It is shown that the inclusion of periodic attenuation and amplification can be handled as separate problems, provided that the interval between optical amplifiers is(More)
We analytically and numerically analyze the occurrence of modulational instability in fibers with periodic changes in the group-velocity dispersion. For small variations, a set of resonances occurs in the gain spectrum. However, large dispersion variations eliminate these resonances and restrict the bandwidth of the fundamental gain spectrum. This research(More)
We demonstrate, for the first time to our knowledge, the switching of optical solitons. We observe switching of 93% of the total reflected energy in a partially transmitting integrated fiber loop mirror that makes up the interferometer. This result demonstrates the potential of solitons as the natural bits in ultrafast optical processing.
We examine the propagation of solitons in the two linearly polarized modes of a birefringent fiber. The behavior of single solitons is similar to that of continuous waves, and the nonlinear effects make the fast mode unstable when the beat length between the modes is long. Even with the instability, nondispersive pulses can still propagate. Highorder(More)
We study the shaping of picosecond-duration optical pulses by the intensity-dependent transmission characteristics of a fiber loop mirror in the normally dispersive region. Experimental results for sech(2) intensity input profiles are in good agreement with the theoretical predictions. In addition, input pulses with substantial background radiation emerge(More)
We show through detailed numerical simulations that stable dispersion-managed solitons exist in short-period dispersion maps characterized by a dispersion-management period that is less than the amplifier spacing. These pulses show regular dynamics within the amplifier span and have greater energy enhancement than the conventional dispersion-managed(More)
We show that collision-induced frequency shifts in wavelength-division-multiplexed (WDM) soliton transmission systems are strongly suppressed with increasing dispersion management. We predict new oscillations in the residual frequency shift response, owing to the relative motion induced by the dispersion map, and demonstrate a direct correlation between(More)