N. Iwama

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One of the biggest problems in classical twin studies is that it cannot estimate additive genetic (A), non-additive genetic (D), shared environmental (C), and non-shared environmental (E) effects, simultaneously, because the model, referred to as the ACDE model, has negative degrees of freedom when using Structural Equation Modeling (SEM). Therefore,(More)
It is difficult to estimate and examine correlations between individual preferences for alternatives using the present Scheffé-type paired comparison models. In this paper, we propose two models that address individual preferences for alternatives. One is a simple model that makes it possible to estimate correlations between individual preferences. The(More)
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