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Capsaicin (N-vanillyl-8-methyl-1-nonenamide) is a homovanillic acid derivative found in pungent fruits. Several investigators have reported the ability of capsaicin to inhibit events associated with the promotion of cancer. However, the effects of capsaicin on human leukemic cells have never been investigated. We investigated the effects of capsaicin on(More)
We have determined the nucleotide sequences of the germ line gene as well as a corresponding somatically mutated and rearranged gene coding for a mouse immunoglobulin lambdaI type light chain. These sequencing studies were carried out on three Eco RI-DNA fragments which had been cloned from BALB/c mouse embryos or a lambdaI chainsecreting myeloma, H2020.(More)
The availability of monoclonal antibodies has revived interest in immunotherapy. The ability to influence an individual's immune state by administering immunoglobulin of the appropriate specificity may provide a powerful approach to disease control and prevention. Compared with immunoglobulin from other species, human immunoglobulin (Ig) might be best for(More)
BACKGROUND Signals from the B-cell antigen receptor (BCR) help to determine B-cell fate, directing either proliferation, differentiation, or growth arrest/apoptosis. The protein tyrosine phosphatase SHP-1 is known to regulate the strength of BCR signaling. Although the B-cell co-receptor CD22 binds SHP-1, B cells in CD22-deficient mice are much less(More)
We have studied two derivatives of the IgA (lambda 2) secreting myeloma cell line MOPC315:MOPC315.26, which produces and secretes a lambda 2 light chain, and MOPC315.37, which produces but does not secrete the lambda 2 chain. It has been reported that the only alteration in the MOPC315-37 lambda 2 chain is located in the variable region (Mosmann and(More)
Natural killer (NK) cells are lymphoid effector cells possessing spontaneous cytolytic activity against a variety of tumour targets. The fact that NK cells pre-exist at high frequency and require no lengthy activation, and the observation that differentiated and metastatic tumour cells often have a decreased sensitivity to NK cytolysis have led to the(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to investigate the possibility of green tea polyphenol, (-)-epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) as a novel therapeutic agent for the patients with myeloid leukemia. DESIGN AND METHODS We investigated the effects of EGCG on the induction of apoptosis in leukemic cells in vitro and in vivo. We further(More)
Explicit formulas for the tap-coef®cients of Taylor-series-based full-band FIR digital differentiators have already been presented. However, those formulas were not derived mathematically from the Taylor series and were based on observations of different sets of results. The authors provide a mathematical proof of the formulas by deriving them(More)
We have previously shown that a majority of human melanoma cell lines derived from early-stage lesions were growth inhibited by exogenous interleukin 6 (IL-6) in vitro, whereas cell lines from advanced-stage lesions were resistant to such IL-6-induced growth inhibition. Among the resistant melanoma cell lines, 50-60% constitutively produced IL-6, which(More)
Cytolytic T lymphocytes (CTLs) are generally thought to recognize cellular antigens presented by class I MHC molecules. A number of studies, however, have revealed responses of considerable magnitude involving both CD8+ and CD4+ CTLs with class II restriction, suggesting that class II-restricted CTLs recognizing exogeneous protein antigens may exist. As(More)