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The forebrain overgrowth mutation (fog) was originally described as a spontaneous autosomal recessive mutation mapping to mouse chromosome 10 that produces forebrain defects, facial defects, and spina bifida. Although the fog mutant has been characterized and available to investigators for several years, the underlying mutation causing the pathology has not(More)
Release of cytochrome c from the mitochondria, and subsequent binding to apoptotic protease-activating factor-1 (Apaf-1), is a key trigger of apoptotic events. A complex composed of Apaf-1, dATP, and cytochrome c activates a series of cytoplasmic proteases called caspases, leading to apoptotic cell death. We have disrupted the Apaf-1 gene in the mouse. Like(More)
Apoptotic protease-activating factor-1 (Apaf-1), dATP, and procaspase-9 form a multimeric complex that triggers programmed cell death through the activation of caspases upon release of cytochrome c from the mitochondria into the cytosol. Although cell death pathways exist that can bypass the requirement for cytochrome c release and caspase activation,(More)
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