N Higashikuni

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The in vivo micronucleus test is conventionally performed using mouse bone marrow cells (BM assay). Using phenacetin as a test chemical, an alternative method using reticulocytes (RET assay) was examined to determine if this could be substituted for the BM assay. Single doses of 400, 600, and 800 mg/kg gave negative results 24 h after i.p. administration,(More)
Double dosing and single sampling seems to be the simplest and most reliable method for detecting clastogens in the mouse peripheral blood micronucleus test. Optimal sampling times after double dosing are studied here. Eleven clastogens [water soluble: colchicine, cyclophosphamide, cytosine arabinoside, 5-fluoro-2'-deoxyuridine, 5-fluorouracil (5-FU),(More)
The spontaneous frequencies of micronucleated reticulocytes (MNRETs) were examined monthly over the life spans of animals belonging to nine mouse strains for the 7th collaborative study organized by the CSGMT/JEMS.MMS. Both sexes of the BDF1 strain and females of the A/J strain showed a statistically significant increase in mean spontaneous MNRET frequency(More)
The in vivo clastogenicity of 2-(2-furyl)-3-(5-nitro-2-furyl)acrylamide (AF-2) was examined in the micronucleus test using peripheral blood from three mouse strains (ICR, CD-1, and MS/Ae) and bone marrow from one rat strain (Sprague-Dawley). Doses up to the maximum tolerated were tested. The chemical was given once, twice, thrice, or four times via either(More)
We developed an automated image analysis system to obtain objective data for the rodent peripheral blood micronucleus assay with acridine orange (AO) supravital staining. The system was able to identify micronucleated reticulocytes (MNRETs) and to evaluate inhibition of bone marrow cell proliferation by measuring the reticular area of reticulocytes (RETs).(More)
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