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BACKGROUND This report describes a closed-loop titration of propofol target control infusion based on a proportional-differential algorithm guided by the Bispectral Index (BIS) allowing induction and maintenance of general anesthesia and compares this to manual propofol target control infusion. METHODS One hundred sixty-four patients scheduled to undergo(More)
BACKGROUND We have developed a proportional-integral-derivative controller allowing the closed-loop coadministration of propofol and remifentanil, guided by a Bispectral Index (BIS) monitor, during induction and maintenance of general anesthesia. The controller was compared with manual target-controlled infusion. METHODS In a multicenter study, 196(More)
BACKGROUND Suppression ratio (SR) derived from bispectral index (BIS) monitoring is correlated to EEG burst suppression. It may occur during deep anaesthesia, but also in the case of metabolic or haemodynamic brain injury. The goal of the study was to describe the occurrence of SR and to determine factors associated with SR during propofol-remifentanil(More)
BACKGROUND The α2-adrenergic agonist dexmedetomidine is a sedative and can be used as an adjunct to anesthetics. Our primary goal was thus to determine the extent to which dexmedetomidine reduces the requirement for propofol and remifentanil. METHODS This double-blinded, randomized study (NCT00921284) used an automated dual closed-loop administration to(More)
OBJECTIVE Sevoflurane could decrease myocardial ischemic injury in patients undergoing off-pump coronary artery bypass surgery. This study was designed to compare postoperative troponin I (cTnI) concentrations after sevoflurane-remifentanil versus propofol-remifentanil anesthesia. DESIGN Prospective, randomized single-blind clinical study. SETTING(More)
OBJECTIVE Evaluation of the magnitude of pulmonary air trapping during routine thoracic surgery and single-lung transplantation. DESIGN Prospective study on consecutive patients. SETTING Single institution, university hospital. PARTICIPANTS Sixteen patients with no or moderate obstructive lung disease undergoing routine thoracic surgery (group 1), six(More)
UNLABELLED The aim of this study was to assess whether hypoxemia during one-lung ventilation (OLV) can be prevented by inhaled nitric oxide (NO) (Part I) or by its combination with intravenous (IV) almitrine (Part II) in 40 patients undergoing thoracoscopic procedures. In Part I, 20 patients were divided into two groups: one received O2 (Group 1) and one(More)
Local anesthetic infiltration has been proposed to decrease postoperative pain. The aim of this study was to determine whether scalp infiltration with bupivacaine or ropivacaine would improve analgesia after supratentorial craniotomy for tumor resection. Eighty patients were recruited into a randomized double-blind study. Infiltration was performed after(More)
BACKGROUND CNAP(®) provides continuous non-invasive arterial pressure (AP) monitoring. We assessed its ability to detect minimal and maximal APs during induction of general anaesthesia and tracheal intubation. METHODS Fifty-two patients undergoing surgery under general anaesthesia were enrolled. Invasive pressure monitoring was established at the radial(More)